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Lecture 7

RLG204H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Qiyas, Ijma, Ghusl

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Alireza Haghighi

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discussion of the practical application of reason centred on one
particular method that Islamic scholars called Qiyas or analogical
the logic of Qiyas rested on the presumption that god had his
reasons for commanding or forbidding particular activities and that
a scholar could discover these reasons and apply them to new
the process of seeking to understand god's law the legal scholars
called it fiqh- understanding
sharia is the sum of all gods rulings on human actions
the Schools of Law
disagreements over the law of god are thus to be expected—forms
different schools called madhhabs
they differ not just on particular legal points, but also on questions
of method and theory
Islamic Law and the State
implementation of the law on earth was not the main object of
Islamic law
the question of importance for scholars was not the judgement of
men, but of god, and the ultimate aim of enterprise was to guide
human beings to paradise
in practise human courts are limited to adjudicating disputes
between human beings and must leave disputes between human
beings and god to a higher court
the idea of ijma was based on the simple premise that the Muslims
could not all be wrong at the same time
Ritual Purity
the minor ablutions required before the five ritual prayers
wash face, hands up to elbows, head, and feet up to ankles
major impurity would require a full bath (ghusl)
these requirements are stringent but not inflexible
these requirements should not be interpreted as a way of putting
substance to conviction that cleanliness is nest to godliness
the issue was not cleanliness but obedience to gods specific
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