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Week 8 INDIAN PHILOSOPHY: PROOF FOR THE EXISTENCE OF GOD
In Indian religion there is no good distinction between philosophy and religion.
Theology: the field of study and analysis that treats of god and of God's attributes
and relations to the universe.
Inter-religious dialogue (debate) about metaphysics + epistemology.
Indian philosophical traditions:
1.Mimamsa : Smartha, Vedic, Atheists. focused on Veda exegesis. Related to
Smartha: accept all the major Hindu deities as forms of the one Brahman.
Worship Saiva and Visnu but did not follow Vedic rituals. They don’t believe
in God (atheists)! Still do the old Vedic sacrifices. Will sacrifice to get son to
help them get to heaven. Mimamsa are very rational, they say that sacrifice
gets them a son because they see it happening. They don’t need to understand
why! According to them the Veda has no real author. The world + Vedic text
are immortal. Language of the Veda gives people commands which force them
to make the sacrifices. Mimamsa is a respond to Buddhism.
2.Vedanta : still exists. Worship Vishnu (all powerful). Concerned with the
metaphysical believe in God. The system of philosophy that further develops
the implications in the Upanishads that all reality is a single principle,
Brahman, and teaches that the believer's goal is to transcend the limitations
of self-identity and realize one's unity with Brahman. Do not believe that the
world is eternal. Disagree with the Nyaya proof for the existence of God. Want
to prove God through verbal testimony of the Veda. Vedanta worship a
different God from Nyaya (each philosophy is trying to prove a different God)
and Nyaya is a challenge to Vedanta.
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