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Lecture 9

RLG205 - Lecture 9


Department
Religion
Course Code
RLG205H5
Professor
Ajay Rao
Lecture
9

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Lecture 9 – March 19th, 2008
Indian Philosophy
- Srivaisnavas – vaishna society – text are about logic, but there are a connection btw
nyaya and sivas
o3 groups differentiated by:
Ritual
Diksa – ensign
Initiation – naman
Textual corpus
Philosophy
Visistadvaita
- Epistemology: how one knows?
oHow theories work
oKind of like a methodology
oIs subject to debate
oWorks through: pramana (core of Indian philosophy)
Instruments of valid knowledge
How do we know that the moon revolves around the earth? – various
ways of coming up with the answers
Different types of pramanas:
oPerception - Direct observation
oInference - Deduce
oTexts
Verbal testimony (others tell us things)
- The other knowledge systems are more philosophical
-darsana is not really a knowledge system
oknowledge system are more systematic and based on structure (core text or
sutra text, the commentary text or the bhasyas, subcommentaries, etc…)
othe direct interpretations result in new innovation occurs within tradition, but the
topic is still the sutra text (this remains the same)
- “faith –seeking-understanding “- based on faith
oHere it is purely rational reflection , not faith
-Sidhantha – one’s core position
- nasthikas (reject the Vedas )
oBuddhas
oMaterialists – no soul – no life after death
- asthikas (don’t know what they reject – can reject god – but they do reject the Veda –
orthodox ) ]
o6 orthodox systems
*** Nyaya ***
How one knows?
Really important
Theist
1
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