buddhism lecture6.docx

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25 Mar 2012
Lecture 6 Buddhism February 8th 2012
**Mid-term next week check blackboard for mid term test guideline
February 15th mid-term test
Decline in Buddhism in india
Buddhism disappears out of Indian by the 12th century
Religious tolerance* during the reign od ashoka
King Asoka began to appreciate the true implication of the Buddhist relgion
Became more devoted to the Buddhist tradition
Buddhism spreads to the subcontinent of india
Rock edicts of ashoka
Promote his ideas about religious tolerance in Buddhism
King ashoka honours members of all religious sects
Promotes tolerance of all traditions
Around the 3rd century Buddhism flourished the subcontinent of india
The rise of the Mahayana
The Mahayana schools the yogachara an the nagarduna
Began to spread to the north west
We can see this through the influence of Buddhist art
In the 4th century we have accounts by Chinese Buddhist monks
They start writing accounts of their journeys in Indian Fa-hsien writes in the common area that
Buddhism still seems to be flourishing in India
Fa-hsien Chinese Buddhist opens up the window to the gupta age nomadic so they left
Fa-hsien traveled through the Ganges plain
Another chiense monk goes to India in the 7th century
Hsuan-tsang he reports he sees a decline in Buddhism in inida
He noticed in the south that a lot of monasteries were destroyed
712: Muslim Turks invade northwestern and western India beginning of the 8th century the
Turks invade the north and destroy Buddhist temples and monasteries
Lay Buddhist community began to look for inspiration else where because the philosophical ideas
lost contact with ordinary people it became to difficult and was to philosophical.
Too abstract so ordinary people sought other traditions were the rituals were more accessible
Lost of contact is another reason why Buddhism starts to disappear in India
By the 12th century the muslim turks invade India again an the universities monastic sangha and
communities were destroyed
By the 13th century Buddhism was basically gone in India
Establishment of Muslim roots in India
Political and religious statement
Coexist had to follow they could not possibly conquer India because of the strong Hindu tradition
Hindus make up 80 percent Muslims 13 percent and Buddhist less than 1 percent in India
Buddhism spreads to china
Buddhism comes to china around the first century of the common era
During the Yung Ping era the emperor had a dream about a golden man, the Buddha subject of
the emperor dream
The assistant at the academy along with others went to India to make inquiries about Buddhism
Kasayapa Matanga spread dharma
Buddhism was brought through merchants from central asia through a trade group called the silk
road which developed before the reign of Yung Ping
The silk road was a route for trading all types of products the main commodity is silk
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