RLG360H5 Lecture Notes - Rishabhanatha, Parshvanatha, Orthopraxy

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Published on 2 Aug 2012
JAINISM much more a philosophy than a theology; there is no belief in a single god; a “pluralistic
Karmamarga way of works
Ahimsa nonviolence
Sramana strivers (ie. Jainsim and Buddhism are traditions of the sramana movement)
Orthopraxy rules of ritually proper behaviour
Tirthankaras (ford finders) those who transcended the ocean of samsara (reincarnation) and found
moksa (liberation) from matters clutches; there were 24 tirthankaras (ie. 1st = Rsabha; 19th = a woman;
23rd = Parsva; 24th = Mahavira)
Rsabha established world order with his son BHARATA, the 1st emperor of India; Rsabha became a
monk and practised for 600,000 years
Jambudvipa the place where Rsabha is believed to have lived
Mahavira (Great Hero) lived from 599-527 BCE or 350 BCE; referred to as the JINA (victorious one)
after he attained his enlightenment
Parsva born about 872 BCE; wandered throughout India and gathered disciples and observe 4 vows
Svetambaras white clad
Digambaras sky clad
each jain monastic community is governed by an Acarya
syadvada assertion without qualification
anekanta many sidedness
syastika (swastika) well being
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