February 5, 2013
Crime and Deviance
Cash, Crime, and Context In the-Streets and the Suites by Nathan Innocente
- How do we explain crime?
- Foreground factors: things right now that make us commit crime (Ex.
Pressures to make good grades make us use drugs)
- Background factors: things in the past that make us commit crime
Toronto Street Youth
- In any given year there’s 10,000 homeless youth
- On any given day, 1,500-2,000 homeless youth
- Compared to high school youths
Poorer class backgrounds
Family and school troubles
Delinquency at home
Absence of one biological parent
- How do we explain this? Why are they engaging in so much crime?
Street Youth and Adversity
- The conditions of the street (adversity)
- Youth need to survive (shelter, food, money, safety, hygiene)
- When youth come on the street, crime explodes (
- Background factors don’t matter, the immediate foreground
conditions means you will engage in a whole lot of crime
- Background factors don’t make a difference.
- Poverty, desire for something you don’t have, influence from your
peers, when you don’t have a choice, bad parenting- factors that can
make an individual commit crime.
- Being in wrong crowd
- No ties to school. Family, friends etc.
- Stigmas and labels
- Poor parenting February 5, 2013
- Bad conditions
- Social inequalities (rich vs. poor)
- Inabilities to achieve goals, no opportunities
- Vast majority of youth want paid work
- Street youth with legitimate jobs have the best chance of survival.
- Not picky, will take any work
- At a huge disadvantage in finding a job
Lack of education
Physical appearance (what will they wear to work?)
Lack of skills
Lack of drive
How will they get to their job?
No access to facilities (How will they print resume? Phon