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Lecture 15

SOC100 Lecture 15.docx

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Jayne Baker

March 14, 2013 Religion (Guest Lecturer: Prof Bird) - 6 based on lecture only - 11 based on textbook only Sociology of Religion - Questions of Faith: truth and values of religious belief - They look at truth and values of religious beliefs. - Not about questioning them, but how they play out in the social world. - Sacred: Refers to the religious, transcendent world.  Something made/declared holy  How belief/religious spirits unite people - Profane: Refers to the secular, everyday world.  Not dealing with scared relationships  Considered secular  Relationship between sacred and profane  One main topics is the role of religion is modern societies - Secularization Thesis: As society is modernized and industrialized, religious beliefs start to decline and societies start to become more secular.  Modern societies are supposed to be religiously diverse, but this causes the (ideally) power of one religion to weaken.  The more religions practiced together, the weaker each religion becomes - Charismatic Leaders: “Religious leaders who claim to be inspired by supernatural powers and whose followers believe them to be so inspired” (Brym & Lie 2012: 228).  Weber said that as modern sciences advance, the more disenchanted people become.  This will pose a problem for religion as it is based on the belief in superstition.  People will be less inclined to believe in the symbolism of religions  Weber looked at the world of charismatic leaders  Weber: If you look at any religions in the world, one ff the main influences is usually a charismatic leader.  The longer a religion lasts, the more rationalized it becomes.  The more institutionalized they become, the more disenchanting they become March 14, 2013  The more rational they become, the more rule-based and law- based they become. - Routinization of charisma: “Weber’s term for the transformation of the unique gift of divine enlightenment into a permanent feature of everyday life. It involves turning religious inspiration into a stable institution with divine roles (interpreters of the divine message, teachers, dues-paying laypeople, and so on)” (Brym and Lie 2012: 217).  Charisma becomes routinized. - Religiosity: “The degree to which religion is important to people” (Brym and Lie 2012: 230).  Gallup Poll: “Religiosity and Atheism Index” (2012)  Does a lot of polls  One they did measures belief  Question: Irrespective of whether you attend a place of worship or not, would you say you are religious person, not a religious person, or a convinced atheist? March 14, 2013  o China is an advanced, industrial location o Government doesn’t want religion to interf
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