Prevents us from having common sense approach to our social world. Explore and document how our social world is changing and their impacts. What other people already studied about that topic. Sociologist want to make a contribution - need to answer questions that are unanswered. Talk about the approach/ method to getting that data. Before research is done, make sure to get ethical approval (between step 3 and 4), you need this approval to actually go out and collect data. When you don"t get approval, they"re would be implications from the university, and the outer society will say have something to say about your name. Variable: a concept that can take on more than one value , in other words it varies. Independent variables: the presumed cause in a cause-and-effect relationship. Dependent variable: the presumed effect in a cause-and effect relationship x (independent) and y (dependent) The affect workplace harassment policies on workplace harassment.