Class Notes (839,303)
Canada (511,260)
Sociology (4,081)
SOC100H5 (961)
Lecture

SOC100 education, health, and medicine

4 Pages
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Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC100H5
Professor
Suzanne Casimiro

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Description
SOC100 November 9 th Education, Health, and Medicine Education - education: the social institution through which a society provides its members with important knowledge, including basic facts, job skills, and cultural norms and values - schooling: formal institutions under the direction of specially trained teachers A Global Survey Schooling and the Economic Development Link - in low-and middle-income countries, people learn at home and reflect the national culture - little opportunity to go to school, dependent on child’s income Schooling in India - many children work up to 60hrs/week, limiting their schooling - half the population is literate - patriarchy shapes opportunity: 45% of boys and 30% of girls attend secondary school Schooling in Canada - by about 1920, Canada had compulsory education to the end of elementary school or the age of 16 in most provinces o universal, publicly supported primary and secondary schooling - more than 270 publicly funded post-secondary institutions (70 universities) - functional illiteracy: reading and writing skills insufficient for daily living o official illiteracy is low in Canada, but there are concerns with the functional literacy of adults - 15.2% of Canadians (15+ years of age) had university degrees in 2001 - Canada has a smaller percentage of people with university degrees than the U.S. - after the Quiet Revolution in Quebec, classical education was replaced by business engineering and science - there is a gradual shift to engineering, math, and science degrees, but we lag behind other countries The Functions of Schooling: Structural Functionalist 1. Socialization a. technologically simple societies depend on families to transmit their way of life b. industrialized societies turn to teachers and the schooling system to teach basic skills, values, and important cultural lessons 2. Cultural Innovation a. done through research b. faculty at colleges and universities create culture, as well as pass it on to students 3. Social Integration a. schooling molds a diverse population into one society sharing norms and values b. Canadian educational policies have tried to support equality and unity within diversity 4. Social Placement a. support meritocracy by rewarding talent as a foundation of future social position 5. Latent Functions a. provides child care b. reduces competition for jobs c. helps establish networks and identify partners Schooling and Social Inequality: Social Conflict - schooling contributes to social stratification - traditionally, schooling was deemed more important for males than for females - social class background is a determinant of familiarity with computers, which is increasingly vital to education and employment - along with gender, social class is a strong predictor of aspirations to attend university - social control: teaches compliance, punctuality, and discipline - hidden curriculum: subtle presentations of political or cultural ideas in the classroom - standardized testing: transforms privilege into individual merit - streaming and social inequality: assigning students to different types of programs, frequently according to their backgrounds Access to Higher Education - higher education is the path to occupational achievement - most people in Canada do not attend and graduate from university of college - some high school students enter the labour force right away - some other cannot afford further education - but women are now more likely than men to attend university Gender in Higher Education - Can
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