Chapter 10 - Social Stratification - Chapter 10 pp.223-242

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Published on 11 Mar 2011
School
UTM
Department
Sociology
Course
SOC100H5
Social Stratification 20/10/2010 14:02:00
i
Social Stratification a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a
hierarchy, so that some people have more money, power, and prestige than others.
A trait of society, not just a reflection of individual differences
Carries from one generation to the next
Found in all societies but vary according to what is unequal and how unequal
something is
It is supported by a system of cultural beliefs that define certain kinds of inequality as
being just
Takes two general forms: caste and class systems
Social Mobility a change in position within the social hierarchy
*Though some people in high income countries experience SOCIAL MOBILITY, the
social standing of most people remains the same over a lifetime.
Caste & Class Systems
Caste System social stratification based on ascription or birth
Based on birth(Ascription)
Permit little or not social mobility
Shape a persons entire life, including marriage and occupation
Are common in traditional, agrarian societies
Class System social stratification based on both birth and individual achievement
Are based on both birth(ascription) and MERITOCRACY(individual achievement)
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Permit some social mobility based on individual achievement
Are common in MODERN & POST INDUSTRIAL SOCIETIES
Class Systems include elements of both cast and meritocracy
Class Systems keep elements, such as family, to maintain order and social unity
Meritocracy social stratification based on personal permit
Status Inconsistency the degree of consistency in a persons social standing across
various dimensions of social inequality.
In CLASS SYSTEMS is low due to increased social mobility
Structural Social Mobility a shift in the social position of large numbers of people
owing more to changes in society itself than to individual efforts.
Ideology cultural beliefs that justify particular social arrangements, including
patterns of inequality.
Caste System India
In traditional villages, peoples caste determines the type of work they do
People must marry and interact with those of the same rank
Observing caste rules is a moral duty
Caste & Class System The United Kingdom
In the Middle Ages, most people were commoners.
Todays Class System mixes caste and meritocracy, producing a highly STRATIFIED
society with some social mobility
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Document Summary

It is supported by a system of cultural beliefs that define certain kinds of inequality as being just: takes two general forms: caste and class systems. Social mobility a change in position within the social hierarchy. *though some people in high income countries experience social mobility, the social standing of most people remains the same over a lifetime. Caste system social stratification based on ascription or birth: based on birth(ascription, permit little or not social mobility, shape a person"s entire life, including marriage and occupation, are common in traditional, agrarian societies. Meritocracy social stratification based on personal permit. Status inconsistency the degree of consistency in a person"s social standing across various dimensions of social inequality. In class systems is low due to increased social mobility. Structural social mobility a shift in the social position of large numbers of people owing more to changes in society itself than to individual efforts.