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Chapter 10 - Social Stratification - Chapter 10 pp.223-242

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Suzanne Casimiro

Social Stratification 20102010 14:02:00 i Social Stratification a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy, so that some people have more money, power, and prestige than others. A trait of society, not just a reflection of individual differences Carries from one generation to the next Found in all societies but vary according to what is unequal and how unequal something is It is supported by a system of cultural beliefs that define certain kinds of inequality as being just Takes two general forms: caste and class systems Social Mobility a change in position within the social hierarchy *Though some people in high income countries experience SOCIAL MOBILITY, the social standing of most people remains the same over a lifetime. Caste & Class Systems Caste System social stratification based on ascription or birth Based on birth(Ascription) Permit little or not social mobility Shape a persons entire life, including marriage and occupation Are common in traditional, agrarian societies Class System social stratification based on both birth and individual achievement Are based on both birth(ascription) and MERITOCRACY(individual achievement)
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