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Lecture

Chapter 11 - Global Stratification - Chapter 12 pp.270-292

6 pages150 viewsFall 2010

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC100H5
Professor
Suzanne Casimiro

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Global Stratification 24/10/2010 17:09:00
Global Stratification Patterns of social inequality in the world as a whole
Global Stratification: An Overview
High Income Countries
Contain 22% of the worlds people
Received 80% of global income
Have a high standard of living based on advanced technology
Produce enough economic goods to enable their people to lead comfortable lives
Middle Income Countries
Contain 58% of the worlds people
Receive 18% of global income
Have a standard of living about average for the world as a whole
Low Income Countries
Contain 19% of the worlds people
Receive 2% of global income
Have a low standard of living due to limited industrial technology
High-Income Countries nations with the highest overall standards of living
Middle-Income Countries nations with a standard of living about average for the
world as a whole
Low-Income Countries - Nations with a low standard of living in which most people
are poor
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Relative poverty
People lack resources that others take for granted
This sort of poverty exists in every society
Absolute poverty
A lack of resources that is life threatening
While some may exist in Canada, in low-income countries one-third are in
desperate need
Factors Causing Poverty
Lack of technology limits production
High birth rates increase
Traditional cultural patterns make people resist change
Extreme social inequality distributes wealth unfairly
Extreme gender inequality limits the opportunities of women
Colonialism allowed nations to exploit other nations
Colonialism - the process through which nations enrich themselves through the
political and economic control of other nations
Neo-Colonialism a new form of global power relationships that involves no direct
political control but economic exploitation through multinational corps.
Multinational Corporation a very large business that operates in many countries.
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