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Chapter 13 - Gender Stratification - Chapter 13 pp.295-321

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Suzanne Casimiro

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Gender Stratification 01/11/2010 17:45:00
Gander & Inequality
Gender - the meaning culture attaches to being male or female
Gender Stratification the unequal distribution of wealth, power and privilege
between men and women
Matriarchy a form of social organization in which female dominate males
Patriarchy a form of social organization in which males dominate females
Sexism the belief that one sex is innately superior to the other
Gender & Socialization
* Agents of socialization reinforce cultural definitions of what is feminine and
Gender Sex Roles attitudes and activities that society links to each sex
Gender and Social Stratification
Gender Stratification shapes the WORKPLACE
-women are now in the paid labor force
-women now earn 70% as much as men
Gender Stratification shapes FAMILY LIFE
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-most unpaid work is performed by women, regardless if they hold jobs outside
the home
-pregnancy and raising children keep women out of the labor force , where men
are making important career gains
Gender Stratification shapes EDUCATION
-women now earn diplomas, degrees and certificates
-Canadian women make up the majority of recent medical school graduates
Intersection Theory analyses the interplay of race, class, and gender, often
resulting in multiple dimensions of disadvantage
Sexual Harassment comments, gestures, or physical contact of sexual nature
that are deliberate, repeated and unwelcome.
Gender Stratification shapes POLITICS
- no women were elected in the Canadian Parliament
- the number of women has increased in politics as of lately
- women make up 15% of the military personnel
Pornography portrays women as sexual objects.
Theoretical Analysis of Gender
Structural Functional Approach
-Gender is a means to organize social life
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