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Lecture

Chapter 14 - Race & Ethnicity - pp.324-347

5 Pages
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Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC100H5
Professor
Suzanne Casimiro

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Race & Ethnicity 01/11/2010 17:45:00
The Social Meaning of Race & Ethnicity
Race - a socially constructed category of people who share biologically
transmitted traits that members of a society consider important
Scientists created 3 BROAD CATEGORIES OF RACE CAUSCASOIDS,
MONGLOIDS and NEGROIDS- there are no biologically pure races
Ethnicity - A shared cultural heritage. It is reflected in ancestry, dress, religion,
language
Minority - A minority is any category of people distinguished by physical or
cultural difference that a society sets apart and subordinates
Prejudice & Stereotypes
Prejudice - a rigid and unfair generalization about an entire category of people
Stereotype - a simplified description applied to every person in some category
**Aboriginal people are stereotyped by some as lacking motivation, but most
poor people are white
Racism - The belief that one racial category is innately superior or inferior to
another
**A powerful rationale
** Racial conflict has intensified in Britain and Western European societies due
to immigration from former colonies
Theories of Prejudice
Scapegoat theory: prejudice springs from frustration among people who are
themselves disadvantaged
www.notesolution.com
*Prejudice is a way to express anger
*Produces feelings of superiority
Scapegoat - People blame them for their own troubles
Authoritarian Personality Theory - A personality trait of certain individuals who
show Intolerance towards all minorities
*They are rigid moralists with little education who see things as clear-cut matters
of right and wrong
*They view society as naturally competitive and hierarchical
Culture Theory - Some prejudice is found in everyone because it is embedded
in culture
*Belief in the social superiority of some categories of people (e.g. British) is still a
part of Canadian culture
*Bogardus social distance scale shows consistency between Canada and US
Conflict Theory - Prejudice is a product of social conflict
*Self-justification for the rich and powerful to oppress others, e.g., Chinese
railroad labourers
Steele - Minorities themselves may cultivate climate of race consciousness
(victimhood) in order to win greater power and privileges (“special treatment”)
Discrimination
Discrimination - Unequal treatment of various categories of people, it is a matter
of action
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Race & Ethnicity 01112010 17:45:00 The Social Meaning of Race & Ethnicity Race -a socially constructed category of people who share biologically transmitted traits that members of a society consider important Scientists created 3 BROAD CATEGORIES OF RACE CAUSCASOIDS, MONGLOIDS and NEGROIDS- there are no biologically pure races EthnicityA shared cultural heritage. It is reflected in ancestry, dress, religion, language Minority - A minois any category of people distinguished by physical or cultural difference that a society sets apart and subordinates Prejudice & Stereotypes Prejudicea rigid and unfair generalization about an entire category of people Stereotypea simplified description applied to every person in some category **Aboriginal people are stereotyped by some as lacking motivation, but most poor people are white Racism -The belief that one racial category is innately superior or inferior to another **A powerful rationale ** Racial conflict has intensified in Britain and Western European societies due to immigration from former colonies Theories of Prejudice Scapegoat theoryprejudice springs from frustration among people who are themselves disadvantaged www.notesolution.com
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