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Lecture

Chapter 17 – Politics & Government - pp.401-428


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC100H5
Professor
Suzanne Casimiro

Page:
of 4
Chapter 17 – Politics & Government 05/11/2010 15:55:00
Power & Authority
Politics - the social institution that distributes power, sets a societys goals, and
makes decisions
Traditional Authority Power legitimized by respect for long-established cultural
patterns
Rational Legal Authority Power legitimized by legally enacted rules and
regulations
Charismatic Authority - Power legitimized by extraordinary personal abilities that
inspire devotion and obedience
Politics in Global Perspective
Monarchy a political system where a single family rules from generation to
generation
Democracy a political system that gives power to the people as a whole
Authoritarianism a political system that denies peoples participation in the
government
Totalitarianism a centralized political system that very much regulates peoples
lives.
Theoretical Analysis of Power in Society
Pluralist model : Power is dispersed among many competing interests groups
Linked to structural-functionalism
www.notesolution.com
The power-elite model : Power is concentrated among the very rich
Linked to social-conflict analysis
Marxist model - The System is Biased explains politics in terms of a society’s
economic system
Linked to social-conflict analysis
Power Beyond the Rules
Revolution radically transforms a political system
Terrorism employs violence in the pursuit of political goals and is used by a group
against much more than a powerful enemy.
www.notesolution.com
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www.notesolution.com