Chapter 18 – Family - pp.431-454.doc

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Published on 11 Mar 2011
School
UTM
Department
Sociology
Course
SOC100H5
Chapter 18 - Family 05/11/2010 16:41:00
The Family: Basic Concepts
Family - a social institution that unites people in cooperative groups to care for one
another, including any children
Kinship - a social bond based on common ancestry, marriage, or adoption
Marriage - a legal relationship, usually involving economic cooperation, sexual
activity, and childbearing
Families: Global Variations
Extended family: a family consisting of parents and children as well as other kin
Nuclear family: a family composed of one or two parents and their children
Marriage Patterns
Endogamy: marriage between people of the same category
Exogamy: marriage from different categories
Monogamy: uniting of two partners
Polygamy: three or more people
Polygyny: two or more women
Polyandry: two or more men
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Patrilocality a residential pattern where a married couple lives near the husbands
family
Matrilocality a residential pattern in which a married couple lives next to the wifes
family
Neolocality a residential pattern in which a married couple lives apart from both
sets of parents
Patrilineal Descent a system of tracking kinship through men
Matrilineal Descent a system tracking kinship through women
Bilateral Descent a system tracking kinship through both men and women
Functions of the Family: Structural-Functional Analysis
Family performs many vital tasks for society:
Socialization
Regulation of sexual activity
Social placement
Material and emotional security
According to Durkheim, there are three functions of religion:
Social cohesion: unites people
Social control: promotes conformity
Providing meaning and purpose: offers comforting beliefs of greater purpose
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Document Summary

Family - a social institution that unites people in cooperative groups to care for one another, including any children. Kinship - a social bond based on common ancestry, marriage, or adoption. Marriage - a legal relationship, usually involving economic cooperation, sexual activity, and childbearing. Extended family: a family consisting of parents and children as well as other kin. Nuclear family: a family composed of one or two parents and their children. Endogamy: marriage between people of the same category. Patrilocality a residential pattern where a married couple lives near the husbands family. Matrilocality a residential pattern in which a married couple lives next to the wife"s family. Neolocality a residential pattern in which a married couple lives apart from both sets of parents. Patrilineal descent a system of tracking kinship through men. Matrilineal descent a system tracking kinship through women. Bilateral descent a system tracking kinship through both men and women.