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Lecture 8

SOC100H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Victim Blaming, Secularity, Genital Modification And Mutilation

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Nathan Innocente

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Sex and Gender
What determines gender?
Culture (they very over time)
Social fabrication
Your sex:
Depends on whether you were born with male or female genitals and a
genetic program that released male or female hormones to stimulate
development of your reproductive system
Your gender:
Refers to culturally and socially constructed di#erences between
females and males found in the meanings, beliefs, and practices
associated with femininity and masculinity
Gender Identity
Identi&cation with, or sense of belonging to a particular sex
(biologically, psychologically, socially)
Gender Ideologies:
Set of ideas about what constitutes appropriate masculine and
feminine roles and behaviours
Holds that heterosexuality is the normal sexual orientation, and
assumes an alignment between biological sex, gender identity, and
gender roles
Statistical de&nition of devience
Identity and Orientation
Sexual Orientation
Nature or nurture
o(Christians thought you can undo it)
Environmental factors: availability of sexual partners, early sexual
experiences, sexual reinforcement, culture
Sexual orientation cannot be changed, and e#orts to change sexual
orientation do not work and may be harmful (CPA, CMA)
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