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Lecture

SOC100H5 Lecture Notes - Peter Blau, Group Dynamics, Nepotism


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC100H5
Professor
Suzanne Casimiro

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SOC100
September 30th
Groups and Organizations
Social Groups
-everyone wants a sense of belonging in our society
-two or more people who identify and interact with one another
-2 types of social groups:
oprimary
osecondary
1. Primary
-being your first initial social group – family – shares many activities on a daily basis
-a small social group whose members share personal and lasting relationships
-Cooley called this type of group primary because they:
oare the first groups we experience
oshape attitudes, behaviour, and identity
oprovide economic and other assistance
oare bound by emotion and loyalty
2. Secondary Groups
-large and impersonal groups whose members pursue a specific goal or activity
oex. university faulty association – Red Cross etc.
-characteristics:
oweak emotional ties
onormally have short-term goals – common goal (ex. Terry Fox marathon)
olittle personal knowledge of each other – not close connections w. each other
opeople look to one another strategically (for what they can do for one another)
opart of a secondary group could turn itself into a primary group
Group Leadership
-important element of group dynamics
-small circles of friends may have no leader at all
oprimary have no leaders – unless it’s the breadwinner in a family
-however large secondary groups place leaders in a formal chain of command
othe president, treasurer, social organizer – think of UCS
2 Leadership Roles
1. instrumental: focuses on the completion of tasks
oleaders make plans, give orders, and get things done
osecondary ties of respect
2. expressive: focuses on the group’s well-being
oleaders raise group morale and minimize tension and conflict among members
oprimary ties of affection
omorale and helping one another
3 Leadership Types
1. authoritarian: makes decisions, demands that group members obey
oappreciated in a crisis
2. democratic: member involvement in decision making
odraw on creative ides of members
omore expressive – decision making process – voting
3. laissez- faire: leader mainly lets group function on its own
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