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SOC100H5 (957)

Foundations of Society

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Suzanne Casimiro

SOC100thSeptember 20Foundations of SocietyCultureThe ways of thinking the ways of acting and the way material objects that together shape a peoples way of lifenonmaterial culture the ideas created by member of a societymaterial culture the physical things created by members of a societyCulture ShockPersonal disorientation when experiencing an unfamiliar way of life because ofimmigrationvisit a new countrymove between social environmentsno way of life is natural to humanity but most people around the world view their own behaviour in that wayCulture and Human Intelligencenation political entity and peoplestate political entity in a territory with borderssociety people who interact in a defined territory and share cultureexperts document 7000 languagesThe Elements of Culturesymbolslanguagevalues and beliefsnorms1 Symbolsanything that carries a particular meaning recognized by people who share a culturesocieties create new symbols all the timereality for humans is found in the meaning things carry with thempeople must be mindful that meanings vary from culture to culture and even vary within the same groups of people2 Languagea system of symbols that allows people to communicate with one anotherex new symbols in SMScultural transmission the process by which one generation passes culture to the nextSapirWhorf thesis people perceive the world through the cultural lens of language3 Values and Beliefsvalues culturally defined standards of desirability goodness and beauty which serve as broad guidelines for social living values support social beliefsbeliefs specific statements that people hold to be trueValues A Global Perspectivecultures have their own valueslowerincome nations have cultures that value survivalhigherincome nations have cultures that value individualism and selfexpression
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