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Social Interaction in Everyday Life

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Suzanne Casimiro

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SOC100 September 28 th Social Interaction in Everyday Life Social Structure: A Guide to Everyday Living Social interaction: the process by which people act and react in relation to others - through interaction, we create the reality in which we live – social structure - any relatively stale pattern of social behaviour - makes sense of the lives we live in Status - a social position that a person holds - makes up part of our social identity - defines relationships with others - status set: all the statuses held at one time o teenage girl o daughter to her parents o sister to her brother o student o a goalie on her hockey team Ascribed and Achieved Status - ascribed status: a social position a person receives at birth or assumes involuntarily later in life - have no choice in this o race o class o age group - achieved status: a social position a person assumes voluntarily that reflects ability and effort - career positions you might hold for some time - occupations tend to change, not set in stone o an honour student o an Olympic athlete Master Status - has special importance for social identity, often shaping a person’s entire life - royalty (ascribed) could be a master status – carried throughout your life o occupation o a recognizable family name o gender for women o negative sense: disease, disability Role - behaviour expected of someone who holds a particular status - a person who holds a status and performs a role - role set: a number of roles attached to a single status o professor’s role includes being a teacher, colleague, and researcher The Social Construction of Reality - the process by which people creatively shape reality through social interaction - the foundation of the symbolic-interaction approach - situations we deal with on a daily basis - social interaction is a complex negotiation of reality: everyday situations involve some agreement with what is going on, but interests and intentions can affect perceptions o family formation - ethnomethodology: the study of the way people make sense of their everyday surroundings o method to go in and explore the culture sharing of different cultures o revolving around the emersion of the roles and statuses in a culture o wiping away your role of the researcher and becoming “one” with them o adopting their language, their beliefs, value systems, to understand them better Reality Building: Class and Culture - interests and social background affect our perceptions o people who lives in different parts of a city experience it in different ways - people around the world have different realities o people have different meanings for specific gestures Dramaturgical Analysis: “The Perception of Self” - Canadian sociologist Erving Goffman (1922-1982) - UofT - dramaturgical analysis: the study of social interaction in terms of theatrical performance - the presence of self or impression management: a person’s effort to create specific impressions in the minds of others - status: the part we play - role: the script pr dialogue - each person’s performance is their presentation of self Performances - role performance includes o stage setting o use of props: costume, tone of voice, gesture o ex. doctor’s office  medical book, framed degrees, stethoscope, big desk,
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