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SOC100H5 Lecture Notes - Child Slavery, International Inequality, Information Revolution

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Suzanne Casimiro

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October 21st
Global Stratification
-patterns of social inequality in the world as a whole
-Canadians with the income below the government’s poverty line (LICO) live far better
than the majority of people in the world
-poverty is a reality in Canada, but the greatest social inequality is not within nations but
between them
New Terminology
-high-income countries: richest 50 nations
-middle-income countries: 80 nations
-low-income countries: 60 nations with lowest productivity and most severe property
High-Income Countries
-in 2008, 22% of the world’s people
-enjoy 80% of the world’s income
-income range: $10,000 to $41,000
-production is capital intensive
-at forefront of Information Revolution
-control world’s financial markets
-ex. Canada, U.S, Western Europe, Australia, Japan, S. Korea, Israel, etc.
Middle-Income Countries
-income range: $2,500 to $10,000
-55% of people live in or near cities; the rest live in rural areas with limited services
-72 of the world’s countries
-limited industrialization
-some former socialist countries; Belarus, Ukraine, Romania
-ex. Uruguay, Bulgaria, Thailand, Lesotho
Low-Income Countries
-income below $2,500 per capita annually
-12% of the world’s people, 56 countries
-one-third live in cities
-mostly agrarian societies with some industry but limited technology
-hunger and disease are rampant
-ex. South Asian countries (Bangladesh, Pakistan) and Sub-Saharan African countries
(Ethiopia, Chad, Congo)
Relative vs. Absolute Poverty
-relative poverty
opeople lack resources that others take for granted
othis sort of poverty exists in every society
-absolute poverty
oa lack of resources that is life threatening
owhile some may exist in Canada, in low-income counties one-third are in
desperate need
Poverty and Children
-100 million children in poor countries are forced to work the streets (ex. bed, steal sell
-homeless girls become pregnant and have children of their own
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