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SOC205H5 Lecture Notes - Knowledge Engineering, Reflexive Modernization, Risk Society

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Zachary Levinsky

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March 6, 2013- Lecture
**Governmentality is the conduct of conduct (Foucault)
With government it is a question of not imposing law on men, but of disposing things: that is to say, of
employing tactics rather than laws, and even of using laws themselves as tactics- to arrange things in
such a way that, through a certain number of means, such and such ends may be achieved(Foucault)
We don’t know what the end of Governmentality is
In a prison setting how do we see all types of power co-exist?
Governing beyond state
state is limiting way to explain how we are governed (Rose)
cold monster/big brother metaphor restricting
o miss other instances when we think of state as governing us
Disneyland- relation between governance and amusement parks
o Not just the state in conducting our conduct
o Embedded and consensual governing (aspects of control embedded)
Diverse sites (library to Disneyland to the state)
o i.e. take out a book- metal detectors
yet shifts in underlying logic crime prevention takes on new role
Rose, N
how we go from liberalism, to welfarism (safety net; state could solve social problems) to advanced
o chart shifts in Governmentality
welfarism- society can be programmed
welfarism- idea that state could programme society (could do certain things to make society better);
shape, guide, control and channel people
o criminal justice system- idea we can solve problem of crime and we can train people not to be
o expert knowledge becomes key; help us align with state goals (experts tell us how to behave to
produce good/strong citizens) [not malicious or oppressive, it is productive]
i.e. fluoride in the water- helps strengthens your teeth; welfarism take on
o death of the social; not a ‘right-wing’ thing; idea was that there were critiques of welfare state
from left and right
left critiques welfare state because of greater inequalities in the system (further
inequalities designed really for social welfare)
right critiques welfare state because we essentially pick people that win or help people
to win; not letting free market decide
welfarism symbolizes death of the social**- social as a way of governing conduct
no ultimate goals in Governmentality
social behaviour reconceived in economic terms
o along lines of choice
entrepreneur- enterprising of the self comes to the forefront; continual process to reinvent yourself
from social state to enabling state; think of welfare state as a boat about rowing and steering
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