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SOC205H5 (139)


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University of Toronto Mississauga
Paula Maurutto

The New Penology and the Culture of Control st March 21 2014 - Shift from welfarism to crime control o Risk society - Crime control refer to a new way of governing crime, a new approach to criminal activity. - Main characteristics of penal welfare and crime control - How has shift to crime control transformed everyday life Characteristics of penal Welfarism - Characterized by correctionalism and an emphasis on treatment and rehabilitation - A reaction against corporal punishment, individuals don’t need to punished but reformed. - Offenders are going to eventually return to the community which is why it is essential to rehabilitate them - 1900’s to 1970’s  different redirect of crime control - Focused on disciplining and reforming offenders in order to reintegrate them into society - Parole was a way to help offenders adjust to society; a time period when they are monitored and helped to be reintegrated - Shift to crime control o Rise of crime control in the 1990’s, starts in the 1980’s o Initiated due to economic crisis o We need to cut taxes, thus we need to reduce social programs (welfare)  They were ineffective and a waste of money  People should be left to their own devices to manage in society  Globalization and downloading of correctional institutions (most prisons are not governmental but privatized) Main characteristics of crime control: prisons need to be used as strict institutions - Decline of rehabilitation ideal: prison should be used as institution not rehab, three strike approach: these people will not be going back into society, why rehabilitate them. - Rise of risk management: manage risk level, risk to themselves,, institution and others and you manage them that way. Focus on managing their risk. Same with bail; risk of releasing. - Change in crime policy: “get tough on crime approach”, the three strike law and increase in maximum sentences. Street laws that now prohibit people from begging in certain locations. - Increased use of prison: more frequent use of priso
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