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Nicole Myers

Governmentality 10/24/2012 11:32:00 AM Test: No MCQ 3 questions (SA – 1-2 pages double spaced) 1 long answer (few pages double spaced) - no point form - be able to name theorists (Durkheim’s law) - names of theories - there is choice for SA between 2, the long answer as well todays lecture: Foucault and questions of method:  The how questions o Not why but how o Take things that are taken for granted  Problematization o How did we decide that punishment=prison  De-centering the subject o Defining racial profile o Interested in how its possible to advance an argument of racial profiling o Problematize what is accepted  History of the present o How do we talk about problems? o Weed was thought of as deathly before and now its legal in some places  Genealogy o Development of an idea o How did we get to the “idea” not “what is the idea” Foucault is know for the understanding for power  Power is something that keeps people in place  Power is not something you possess or something you can monopolize  Power is relational  Power is only used when it is exercised  Power is not negative or repressive but it is created and it makes things How does Foucault’s concept of power differ from Marx’s and Freud’s?  Marx’s idea of power: o Negative conception of power o Power is repressive o Prolotariat are repressed and bougeoise don’t want to give it up o Means of production o Power is a zero sum game – some people have it and some people don’t  Freud’s idea o Balance of id,ego, and superego o More complex idea than marx o Not a zero sum game o There is a lot of productive aspects of power o If we take marx’s approach we ignore the power of the prolotariat because they do have SOME power o Prolotariat have power to do things we need to examine the way they employ their power o If we use marx’s way we ignore that o Encourages that when looking at the repressed population, we need to understand the different types of power o There are different levels of power o Power is productive o It operates through us and it produces things  Faucalt o Its productive o It constitutes the subject (power relations form us) o Power does not simply forbid us o It negotiates Faucalt talks about modalities of power  They overlap and interact with eachother o Power as SOVEREIGNTY  Person in charge  Spectacle – demonstrating power in public  Hobbes “leviathan” o power as DISCIPLINARY  method of training body  normalizing judgment  examinations  example: how to hold a pencil properly  standardizing actions (using a timetable) o pastoral power  Sheppard is not a soverign b.c they pay attention to each member of the flock but they do embody one power (ex: teacher and student relationship, there is autonomy but with guidance) What picture could we use to think about governmentality?  Governmentality refers to how we govern  The way govt. produces a citizen  Govt. refers to organized practices  This is about the “how” question  Faucalt does not mean the STATE when he talks about governmentality o He argues that power is experienced, reproduced in many different ways o We may be regulated through laws o He says cold monster=state o We need to look at the conduct of conduct o We need a broad definition of what governmentality is o How to govern others? How
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