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SOC205H5 (139)

Oct 31

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Nicole Myers

SOC305 Oct 31st Feminism Risk vs. Deviance - deviance o straying from the normal path o deeply moral o person is bad and in need of correction o wait to see who is ‘bad’ Ewald – Risk - the term risk does not imply an objective threat - a specific mode of treatment of certain evens capable of understanding Balfour - feminist critique of Foucault o says it is not practical enough o should ask: why? What can be done? o talks about feminist reforms of the 1980s o programming needs to be different for women than men o brought light to domestic violence – it is not a private matter, it is violence and the state has a role in responding to violence o changes in sexual assault – rape was removed from the criminal code o gender neutral term of sexual assault o double edged nature to laws – some of the changes that have come are positive in some ways, but also negative o as women become more equal to men, they are more likely to commit criminal offences  liberating women making them more likely to offend like their men counterparts - suggests we should reposition the narratives of women as subversive stories o meaning, challenges to power, challenges to hegemony – these narratives should make specific connections to people’s lives and the social organization of our community o moving away from very traditional understanding of evidence o opposed to everything being reduced to numbers – there are values and evidence that comes through people’s narratives, their own words  cant get that by simply looking at numbers o can be very powerful and subversive o changes the way we talk – allows to open up a discussion about he violence of the law - when we talk about feminism in crime, it’s often as an aside - Bittle quote – we need to explore the silences, feminism has promised to fill in these silences, expose the gendered nature and experience - Balfour is calling for action – traditional knowledge undermines knowledge that comes in a different format o minimize the importance of the narratives by using numbers and empirical data - don’t speak FOR the oppressionalized, but to give them a voice o narratives – keeping it as true to their words as possible – ex. quoting directly - but: can also flow from critique of power/knowledge - concerns that feminism is outdated o a bunch of whiny women trying to get their point across o delegitimizes feminist work and ideas  if the speaker is a man – textual idea of feminism  if the speaker is a women – individual ideas and experiences - people think that men and women are now equal – but is not the case - place of feminist theory within criminological theory – how feminist theory tries to encourage us to think about the problem - trying to break the link between those that are allowed to know (expert) and understand the impact that power/knowledge has on the type of knowledge that is being propagated - the concept of the narrative is often critiqued o it is too close to the experience, thus it is not objective/scientific  used to delegitimize the voices of women coming through in the narrative o starting with the narrative, then aggregate the narrative into tables  but we need to recognize the difference between voices  women do not speak with ONE voice o the personal IS political – is important  impacts the way you see the world and the way the world responds to you - Bittle o space for opportunities? o Ashley Smith Case (2005)  threw apples at the mailman – convicted at 14/15  turned into a 4 year incarceration period  she was a challenging inmate – had outbursts etc.  most likely had serious mental illness – but those were not addressed  each outburst meant harsher punishment  was placed in segregation  was 19 when she killed himself – in segregation – while the guards were watching, and did not intervene • guards were told, until she passes out, do not intervene  where can meaningful dialogue be had • need to get everyone talking  can see the (mis)use of language of rights - Comack believes: (critiques) o add women and stir problem o lower crime rates not interesting  women offend less o sexist assumptions  when women are included in theories, they are included in sexist ways that ignore the institutional realities  women experience prison very differently from men • more likely to come from homes of physical and sexual abuse • more likely to have alcohol/other substance abuse problems • more likely to self-harm • women turn inwards (as opposed to men physically fighting – against other inmates) – turn that aggression on themselves o theories are weak Feminist Criminology July 2012 - simply studying women doesn’t make it feminist criminology - trying to understand the crimes of women and how the differ from men - early questions – focus on the causes of crime - seems like feminism is being added to the type of work being done - what we need to think about is looking at feminism as its own discipline and bringing that discipline into criminology Comack - causes of crime “leitmotif’ of criminology - mainstream = malestream o using the male experience o feminist criminology operates on the fringe of disciplin
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