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Lecture

SOC209H5 Lecture Notes - Superior Court


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC209H5
Professor
nikolayschitov

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Lecture Mar.7.2013
Supreme court of Canada
Salary is approximately $343,000/year
o Most would be practicing lawyers so government needs to offer them at least
a fraction of the salary they would be making as lawyers
9 supreme justices, wear red ceremonial gowns
o 3 must be from Quebec
o Appointed for life by governor general, not elected by public
See approximately 50-75 cases/year
Make laws and decide laws (share with parliament)
Possibly the least democratic part of the system
Some laws they pass would not be approved of by the public
Ontario Court Structure
Court of appeal in Ontario
o Hears appeals from lower courts
o 98% of cases stop here and never make it to supreme court
o About 1500 cases a year
Superior court
o Most do not end up here from Ontario court of justice
Ontario court of justice
o 95% of criminal cases start and end here
Superior vs. provincial courts
Two tiered system from confederation may not still work for today
o Hear many more cases now than before
Webster and Doob
o Severe crimes (eg. manslaughter and murder) make up a large percentage of
cases seen in the superior court
Specialized courts
Relatively recent invention in North America
Takes into account social inequalities
Designed to help offenders, communities and victims by helping them with
treatment and decreasing the rate of re-offending
Quite intensive
o May go to court 3 times/week
o High social control
Incentive may be a shorter sentence, removal of record etc.
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