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Lecture 7

Lecture 7 Policing.docx

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Philip Goodman

February 28, 2013 Lecture 7 Biblio assignment - guidelines posted - topic due next week – should be interesting - topic within criminology, some discussed in class - then narrow to more specific topic - 6 journal articles on the topic – need to use something that is on the list - intro and analysis of all articles - Summary and analysis need to go together – analyzing while summering Policing RCMP in the News, Again CBC news:  Workplace harassment probed by MPs  Allegation abuse by police  Murdered and missing aboriginal women  Bullying in RCMP and sexual harassment because of the racial and gender change in culture, and change in composition  Head of RCMP was answering questions about issues facing the force in Canada  Evidence of issues in policing within aboriginal  Underpolicing, and not properly investigating, and deaths/ murder in aboriginal women etc  Within police force there is sexual harassment as well as police to citizens  Federal police force in Canada, professional force, very well funded, so sup?  Why there are so many problems? What is going on? Why do we care? o Part o this could be because of Federal supervision – complicated o Under federal law and capacities – under contract, sometimes this town has federal and other part only criminal code. What are they doing where o RCMP investigates itself so it is problematic  Depending who the officer is – education, training, experience, gender is a factor, “good cop” defining, debate between generalization (gender) o Institutional problems, debate o Is it companies or agencies failure in taking responsibility Background into Policing in Canada - About 60,000 police officers across Canada  about one for every 529 Canadians. Compare to about one officer for every 400 people in U.S. Also lower ratio than Australia, Great Britain o Fewer police officers in Canada  Largest cost item in the JS o About 60% of total CJ funding o About $300 per Canadian per year – high number, spending a lot of money to them - what are we getting for it?  Structure of policing – Complicated system  Level of system of policing – forcing diff types of laws o Federal o Provincial o Municipal o First Nations  Also public transportation police, private security - Table: 3.1  what does it mean? o Most frequent lists – most common things  Calls on injured or sick, property damage, noise alarms, car accident – all of them are important  Deeply concerned about police force – that making sure they are using the force correctly not too aggressive  Routine – as a police officer – challenging, research, what we are really worried about  They become too paranoid – cultivation – working personality  Given this, how would you describe what everyday policing is like? Some Key issues - Double-Edge sword of visibility  G-20 vs. death of Sgt. Ryan Russell)  How do police take care of the protests  A police officer got killed by snow plow – Ryan - Public perception vs. reality  police officers as heroes  4 year olds say – police officer, firefighter  frustration, anger – police power abuse, - Police in a democratic society: public order and/or individual rights  griffin talks about it  policing is always a balance between satisfying the public desire for safety – police prevent crime and respond to crime when it happens  individuals citizens have their rights protected – what are the appropriate procedures?  Courts have been arguing about them  Making some evidence – moments where we value individual rights especially when someone is guilty of a crime and is not prosecuted  We rather have guilty man or women be free than be violated their rights  What insurance is there and mechanism is there to keep policing more general accountable  So we are always having these debates - Privatization  more private security of people in Canada than police officers  people and researchers are more interested more in a person that is being followed in a mall than a normal police officer  act within laws and regulations for their companies – their obligations o debates about that they less likely follow procedures than laws  least attention to process and rights – shoplifting o guards and officers – there are they because shoplifting has been a progressive crime  limited o private security – citizens armed with radios etc. raises questions on effectiveness o all they do is eyes and ears and pass it on, but once u put someone in a position to be told as a protector In a community so they actually do more then just eyes and ears - neighborhood watch o a person who calls the cop – creating the situation that is artificial – pretending something that is not – problem in privatization - „Working personality‟  3.1 box  police prevent crime – but basically never happens – but not 0%  police car driving by and sees a crime and catches it o community policing – drive around or walk around and patrol to prevent crime – if they see something happen they would stop it but it never happens – act as a deterrent  research on deterren
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