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Lecture 3

SOC209H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Uniform Crime Reports


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC209H5
Professor
Nathan Innocente
Lecture
3

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Lecture 3- Representations of Crime
Epistemology
the study of knowledge
questioning our knowledge
what do we know about crime?
how do we know what we know?
how do we acquire our knowledge?
oNews, internet, scholarly journals, peers, etc.
what are its limitations?
Problems with Understanding Crime
Hidden - people hide their acts of crime so they don't get punished (hard to catch
criminals)
Insight - criminals have little insight into the nature of their behaviour
Cost - difficult and expensive to do studies on crime, time-consuming, and with all that
costs you get partial information
Scope - some crime can't be studied, beyond the scope of research
Access - how do you get access to certain groups? (E.g. gang groups)
oways to gain access --> establish a relationship with one of the group members
Barriers - internal barriers even if you get into the gang/group
Representation - social worlds are not representative, can't generalize a group for the
whole population
Crime Rates - police reported incidents
crime rate= criminal incidents/total population x 100,000
The Crime Funnel
actual level of crime= total number of crimes
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