SOC209H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Offender Profiling, Kingston Penitentiary, Risk Management
Lecture 9: corrections: corrections: a kind of punishment, assumption: we can correct people"s behaviour. Antecedents: shift to punishment of the mind. From brutally killing and punishing the body -> mind. Mind: changing behaviour, deprivation of liberty take away freedom and liberty. Why this shift? stronger mechanisms of surveillance, allowed the state to detect crime, part of the civilizing process uncivilized to brutally punish o. Probably shouldn"t house people who are convicted and not convicted of crime together: age of enlightenment. Jeremy bentham calculus of deterrence, precise amount of punishment needed to deter crime. Pain/torture is not calculable, prison time is. 1950-1970 o: switched from custody model o. No correctional system works why use method o. Reintegration: current model o o (1) specific needs for reducing recidivism (2) risk management, treatment model risk assessment to calculate risk of individual based on information of the offender, reoffend, precursor institutions.