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SOC211H5 (108)

Social Control Theory

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David Brownfield

Crime and Deviance Belief TEST- chapter 2/4 McCormack – essay on research methods or functionalist perspective Methods text – chapter 2 – studying deviance in an elusive (hidden topic) Chapter 2 – methods – of measuring crime and deviance – disadvantages and advantages of methods – case studies – victimization surveys (omit under 15/ white collar crime) Functionalism – mean principals of functionalism (societies as integrated wholes- systems) society should be analyzed as an entity – evolutionary pattern – crime can be functional – functions of deviance – make is stronger as a collective – norms are dramatized by challenge of crime and deviance --- rules of society are made clearer when there are violation of the rules 3 function – deviance integrates the society against the violator Criticism – circular reasoning - - testing the theory (as it presented by people like Durkheim isn’t falsifiable Lecture – social problems tradition – in order to qualify for a social problem must be some kind of solution (or perception) ex, drug addiction Property ownership- gives investment in community Protestant method – people shouldn’t be thrifting Dedication of work – aspect of culture shift – changed the nature of society Family Solidarity – (social problem approach) – divorce was key problem Criticism – low level of theory and concepts – social problems writers (reformers – weren’t objective / not bias ) Social problems – social disorganization (theory)-(know definition) – breakdown of institutions primary group – face to face socialization – relationships are personal – in theory rd can talk about wider variation of topic 3 – relatively permanent (durable) Criticisms… Limitation of theories / concepts and overall conclusions / research 2 questions of lecture and 2 questions on textbook – choose one of each – 2 pages per essay Social Control Theory - why do people break the rules - assume that people have been socialized - assumes that motivations to deviance is no stronger among criminals then non criminals and that they share the same beliefs/ same values - 1 approach – if o semantic dementia – (Hershey)- study on prison inmates ¾ of then think prisons are too good for sex offenders – believed that corporal punishment should be used they themselves had committed – condemned their own behavior - 2 Approach (to question) – control theories had argued that the individual rationalized the behavior – they break the rule the
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