Social Order Lec 1
Continued exsistence of a set of social reletionships overtime.
In one orm or other you have social order- patterns of social roder regardless of
humane or not (slavery etc) all are still considered social order.
Social order brought Hierarchical relationships (inequality)- there are 3 dimensions
of social order: economical (access to material good), political ( who has power who
doesn’t) and status ( access to social honor or prestige eg. priests or supreme court
How do you maintain social order?:
Belief in the legitimacy of social order (making people believe that the social
order they live in is the right one the just one). Traditional Beliefs, Discourses
(ideologies, scientific, political etc) and usefulness ( believing that social
hierarchy is necessary) are all the reasons why we believe the things we believe.
2) Force: extracting pro-order behavior and fear of punishment make us
conform to social norms and social order.
3) Reward: rewarding pro-social behavior makes people to conform and believe
a) Socialization: inculcation with beliefs. Formation of pro social psychological
mechanisms ( forming a sense of shame and guilt, developing loyalty).
Extreme point: indoctrination ( 24 hrs. of bombardment of pro social
ideologies- forcing communism). Family is the first schools of society-
parents teach children the language of fundamental beliefs.
b) Education: also falls under the category of indoctrination
c) Appeal to Rationality: arguments in favor of usefulness of order.
Examples of beliefs and legitimacy of social order:
Rich are smarter, rich work harder, poor are lazy, social order is God-ordained.
a) Formal- criminal justice system
b) Informal- peer, family. The type of punishment depends of the type of
deviance being performed.
Rewards for social conformity.
Doesn’t necessarily have to be a physical reward, it can also be a psychological
Can include things like money, respect, safety, rank self respect etc.
Failure to social order results in crime and deviance, threat to existing order,
conflict and chaos. Forms of Deviance:
1) Behavioral (deviation from socially expected behavior):
Indicated by laws’ norms
Forms of law: religious, tradition and positive.
2) No act is inherently illegal or deviant, they become illegal as time goes buy
(homosexuality was illegal once, no t isn’t)
Law: shape and control all aspects of our lives- work, marriage, death, driving,
alcohol, disputes etc.
In complex societies