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SOC211H5 (104)
Lecture 2

Lecture 2 Notes

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University of Toronto Mississauga
David Brownfield

Lecture 2. Sept. 20, 2012 Determine the existence of rules  The presence of possible sanctions or a social relation is one criterion for defining what is deviant  Some theorists argue that murder in itself is not intrinsically deviant (i.e. killing someone during war can earn them medals and honours – it is not the act itself that is deviant) but it is the act itself which is important in determining whether or not the action is deviant  Most of the rules in child-rearing are after the fact, the act is only deviant after a parent intervenes and acknowledges the act is deviant, but the constitutional law sets rules prior to and outlines the consequences associated  Some argue that the study of rules should not be engaged in because they feel it would excuse us from these rules  Violent crime is less likely to be reported to the police than property crime o This is due to fear of retaliation, shame or embarrassment, concern about the effectiveness of the justice system o A violent crime is a more personal situation than property crime which stimulates the question of what the individual did to instigate the violent crime  Murray studied social relation to rule breaking o Two groups of students were assigned the task of bargaining o The first group was assigned the task of bargaining just once  20% refused to even attempt negotiation for price reductions o The second group was assigned the task of bargaining six times  Only 3% refused or gave up o Several stages described in the process of this rule violation  Anticipation, approach, offer, interaction, termination, and retrospect o Conclusions from the study  Process of resistance  The first act of deviance is important (crime doesn’t pay)  Single price economy - prices for most small items are
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