1. Diverse Conceptions of Deviance and Methodological Strategies
Reading: Downes et al., pp. 1-50, Adler and Adler, pp. 1-56
Sept. 13, 2012
First test (Oct.18) can be either a multiple choice or essay based test, past years
have generally been essay-based for the first test (35%)
Second test (Nov.22) will be a multiple choice based test (25%)
No final exam!
Defining Deviant Behaviour
Deviant behaviour is defined as the actions of persons considered to be not
right, just, or proper
o Includes a broad spectrum of acts/statuses: crime, poverty, mental illness,
drug use, suicide, etc.
o Crime is a synonym for deviant behaviour
Goffman: Stigma refers to a mark of infamy or disgrace, the tendency for the
scope of the subject of deviance to broaden, to include more statuses and
o Goffman describes deviance in terms of: sexuality, race, culture, etc.
o Identity norm are characteristics that are admired or have higher status,
those who do not meet the criteria are subject to a stigma and lower
Clinard’s four definitions of deviance
Absolutist definition: Most people have accepted a single, shared definition of
o I.e. violations of criminal law
o Problems with this