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Lecture 10

soc211lec10

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC211H5
Professor
Reza Barmaki
Semester
Spring

Description
Lia Fedak Lecture  10 Monday, March 17 , 2014 Symbolic Interaction  Reaction to instinct theory  Group/society: result of instincts ▯ we have certain instincts and we need to satisfy them  (psychological, biological, physiological).  Individual: Blind Forces  ▯ Symbolic Interaction: meaning is important Basic question is how do people interact and what makes interaction possible.  What are details  that go into a reaction? Based on symbols and symbols are meaningful to us. • Society o Everyday interaction o Taking others into account o Definition of situation o Shared meaning o Communicated: symbols/gestures • Individuals o Self­aware = personality o Interpret/ reflective o Importance of primary groups o We as individuals come together to create meanings for things  C.H. Cooley • “Looking glass self” • Personality/social self • People imagine view of themselves through the eyes of “significant others • Positive: enhances self • Negative: damages self  • “Self” emerges: Interaction/reflection • Physical, moral, intellectual, social status… • Influence individual’s behaviour  • Social control  • Emerges through interaction with others over the course of time  Primary Groups • Family, peers, neighborhood… • Characteristics • Small, immediate, intimate, unspecialized, involuntary, permanent • Secondary Groups  ▯large, specific, impersonal • Importance of Primary Groups:  ▯Child development & What it means to live in  human society  G.H Mead: The “I” and the “me” Lia Fedak Lecture  10 • Awareness=self=personality=”I” and “me” • “I”: subject spontaneous • “Me”: object= looking­ glass self • Behaviour: dialogue: I/me • Human Action o Interaction  ▯experience o Exchange of symbols  ▯definition of situation  Example: teacher/student  o Comprehending intentions  Why do you think of me that way?  Putting myself in your place  “Taking the role of the other” Stages  1. Preparatory stage  ▯infancy  o Imitation and learning symbols/gestures o No ability to put themselves in place of the other so therefore no sense of self  2. Play o Awareness of social relations  o Role taking: one person/one situation o Pretending to be someone else – acting o Self emerges o Teacher/student/rubber  3. Games o Many roles/one situation o Rules= different roles have different requirements 
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