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Lecture

SOC211 LEC 7.doc

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC211H5
Professor
Reza Barmaki
Semester
Spring

Description
SOC211H5S ­ Deviance and Social Control Lecture 6 The American Sociology • There is an idea of human nature, that humans have biological and psychological   predispositions that result in social order. "Concentric Zone Theory" • ecological zones are subject to ecological pressures o people can be pushed towards living in certain areas •  Competition  pursuit of interests without attention to others •  Conflic  Aim = conscious elimination of competitors •  Accommodation:   Adjustment reduces conflict and gains security •  Assimilation  Sharing culture / melting into common culture •  Segregation  o Non­assimilative accommodation o May prevent disorganization:  Jewish • Clustering of people involves movement of people • Neighborhoods are usually in a state of reorganization (usually in lower SES  neighborhoods)  o occurs in neighborhoods that aren't doing as well • Social disorganization is the cause of crime and deviance, not biological or psychological  factors Why Crime Increased Edwin Sutherland • Transformation: peasant to city • Communal influences: steady and consistent •  Why?  o Capitalist and industrial: mobility, competition, individualistic ideology o Disintegration: large families and homogeneous neighborhoods = form of  informal social control o Disorganization =   instable institutional sources (family, church,...)  disruption of normative structure  disintegration of individuals / groups  inadequate supervision / socialization  conflict subcultures >>> antiso
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