SOC219H5 Lecture Notes - Escalade, Restorative Justice, Iceberg
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Concerns: effects of reoffending, fair treatment
Worthy of full prosecution? – vs. alternative measures
How should police respond – matter of stopping violence, separating partners (for
the night), matter of referring victim or abuser to different types of counseling –
police also play counseling role, and finally arresting the offender. Previously
domestic violence was known as a private matter that should not be interfered with,
now there is a mandatory for someone to be charged if there is domestic violence
without consent of the victim
Studies: victims call the police just to get the offender to stop, see the consequences,
didn’t want full arrest – related to the severity of offence/ financial situation/
number of previous offences.
Ontario Study – women hadn’t even thought that their partner would be arrested
and just wanted immediate protection. When they wanted him charged (only over
night) just wanted to create space.
Problems: cost, support the victim may receive, fear of retaliation – inflame the
violence & escalade.
Experiences: pretty good at predicting re-offence. Protective element in reporting
US Survey – followed women over 3 years every 6 months – results – repeat
victimization rate higher if not reported to the police. Depending on whether first
time or subsequent offence. 5% repeated if reported & 10% if not reported to police.
Doesn’t matter who reports it – has a protective elements only from reporting the
offence to the police.
1995 Study – charged one group vs. warned another group – wasn’t a lower rate of
recidivism when charged –
Conclusion: type of intervention not that crucial – what is, is that some type of
intervention has occurred. What do we do about the role of the victim and the
evidence they provide for proceeding with the charge – what do you do if they
refuse to testify? Therefore, should we have mandatory policy? – Positives vs.
Negatives. Protection with decision making because there is a rule you have to
follow. Equal treatment? – want everyone to be treated with similar fashion – but
what happens when we do this – are there repercussions with that – what are the
true wished of the victim – can they be truthful – can they express their fear –
stressful time – should this type of responsibility be put on the victim.
How about non – spousal violence – two friends that get into fist fight – should same
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