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SOC219H5 Lecture Notes - Escalade, Restorative Justice, Iceberg

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Nicole Myers

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Domestic Violence
Concerns: effects of reoffending, fair treatment
Worthy of full prosecution? vs. alternative measures
How should police respond matter of stopping violence, separating partners (for
the night), matter of referring victim or abuser to different types of counseling
police also play counseling role, and finally arresting the offender. Previously
domestic violence was known as a private matter that should not be interfered with,
now there is a mandatory for someone to be charged if there is domestic violence
without consent of the victim
Studies: victims call the police just to get the offender to stop, see the consequences,
didn’t want full arrest – related to the severity of offence/ financial situation/
number of previous offences.
Ontario Study women hadn’t even thought that their partner would be arrested
and just wanted immediate protection. When they wanted him charged (only over
night) just wanted to create space.
Problems: cost, support the victim may receive, fear of retaliation inflame the
violence & escalade.
Experiences: pretty good at predicting re-offence. Protective element in reporting
to police
US Survey followed women over 3 years every 6 months results repeat
victimization rate higher if not reported to the police. Depending on whether first
time or subsequent offence. 5% repeated if reported & 10% if not reported to police.
Doesn’t matter who reports it – has a protective elements only from reporting the
offence to the police.
1995 Study charged one group vs. warned another group wasn’t a lower rate of
recidivism when charged
Conclusion: type of intervention not that crucial what is, is that some type of
intervention has occurred. What do we do about the role of the victim and the
evidence they provide for proceeding with the charge what do you do if they
refuse to testify? Therefore, should we have mandatory policy? Positives vs.
Negatives. Protection with decision making because there is a rule you have to
follow. Equal treatment? want everyone to be treated with similar fashion but
what happens when we do this are there repercussions with that what are the
true wished of the victim can they be truthful can they express their fear
stressful time should this type of responsibility be put on the victim.
How about non spousal violence two friends that get into fist fight should same
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