Gendering Crime and Justice 20140116
What is collective consciousness?
What is Durkheim’s main argument?
How does collective consciousness apply to a multicultural society like Canada?
• Gender as Representation
Ex) gendered images of women/men and so forth
• Gender as Practice
Ex) what people actually do is how they achieve gender norms?
• Gender as Institutional logic
Ex) gender and incarceration and court system, so how criminals are deemed criminals and
how their process is gendered, and how it is built in the organizational system of society.
Gender as Intersectional
Gender intersects with class, ethnicity, sexuality and race.
Our class reading relates to this topic.
• What is a crime? Our guides Emile Durkheim & David Chen
David Chen went to court and presentation in court was a hard worker, he spent 19 hours a day
in his store. His store was invested in shoplifting measure. Develop methods to make shop
lifters stealing, and Anthony Barnet who stole from his store that were worth 60$, so Chen
asked the guy to give $60, Chen could not do anything legally. Chen and two other employees
run after the guy Barnet and hold him hostage in a delivery van so the police can arrive. Chen
had been pressed charges by the police for holding involuntary hostage and assault.
Social solidarity: the social cohesion that binds people together into an interdependent unit. What kinds
of social solidary, and what functions to produce social solidarity? Functionalism.
• “Crime is necessary. It is linked to the basic conditions of social life. But on this very account is useful,
for the conditions to which it is bound are themselves indispensible to the normal evolution of mortality
ollective consciousness: he set of shared beliefs and norms that provide the foundation for
Some deviations assume a criminal character. What confer upon them this character are not
the intrinsic importance of the acts but the importance, which the common consciousness
ascribes to them. Thus if the latter is stronger and possess sufficient authority to make these
divergence very weak in absolute terms, it will also be more sensitive an exacting.” • rime those acts that achieve universal and shocking disapproval amoung members of society and
which compel punishment.
The use of force is authorized in a citizen’s arrest, but there are limits placed on how much
force can be used. In essence, the law permit the reasonable use of force, taking into account
all the circumstances of the particular case. A person is not entitled to use excessive force in a
Citizen’s arrest and selfdefence act of 2012: the use of force is authorized in a citizen’s arrest,
but there are limits place on how much force can be used. In essence, the laws permit the
reasonable use of force, taking into account all the circumstances of the particular case. A
person is not entitled to use excessive force in a citizen’s arrest.”
But what counts as “reasonable” force?