SOC219- LECTURE 2
January 16, 2014
What is a crime?
what is the contemporary landscape of crime?
why do we fear crime in the way that we do?
what is 'collective consciousness'?
what is Durkheim's main argument?
how does 'collective conscoiuness' apply to a multiculutral society like canada?
gender as representation- gendered images of men and women in media
way of imagining how men/women should be- i.e. norms
gender as practice- what people do as a way of achieving gender
gender as institutional logic
gender as intersectional- class, sexuality, ethnicity, race
What is a crime?
Durkheim and David Chen
Durkheim- crime is functional in society
what crime does to bring people together
social solidarity: the social cohesion that binds people together into an
collective consciousness: set of shared beliefs and norms that provide the foundation
for social solidarity
crime: those acts that achieve universal, and shocking, disapproval among members
of society and which compel punishment
citizen's arrest and selfdefense act of 2012- use of force authorized but there are
limits- reasonable use of force given circumstances of case
Contemporary Landscape of Crime
crimes against persons
crimes against property
crimes against morality
white collar crime/ organized crime
The Contemporary Landscrape of Crime
is violent crime on the rise?
according to most canadians, yes
youth crime is a problem
sentences are too lenient
respect for the law is decreasing
who is most likely to feel this way?
conservatives and canadians with lower SES
Crimes rates over time
police arrest data- not every incident is recorded (i.e. if an arrest is not made, the
incident doesnt exist in the data)