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Lecture 5

Lecture 5- Feb 6.docx

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Jennifer Carlson

SOC219 Lecture 5- February 6, 2014 Basis of the suit trademark infringement (Lanham Act) common law tort of right of publicity- california civil code and lanham act Review of last week relationship between masculinity and crime by considering case of Tyrell: how he biographically ended up in life of crime theory of anomie- expectations that are socially out there wihtout means to achive them control theory- ide a that we shouldnt ask why people commit crime but why others dont commit crime labelling crime- was he a criminal first or was be labelled as such afteR? subculutral theory- idea that certain subcultures of working class men that end up rebeling in variety of ways code of the street- idea that masculinity plays key role in how men navigate context of high violence by commanding respect and embodying a street persona how crime is actually achieved notion of 'the girl'- this woman who is used to lure in unsuspecting victims relationship between masculinity and crime is just about a set of norms is also about practice (i.e. actually doing crime) what's wrong with these theories of crime? very binary- women have different set of roles as opposed to men biological reductionism- based on idea that there are differences between men and women (sense of men and women a certain way "naturally") distortion of gender variability- separate roles and they are not questioned (i.e. masculine and feminine roles) downplaying of social action and agency- role of structure and power- embedded in power and power relations that are structured by gender and race Gender Gap in Offending Female criminal paradox if the "male sex role" explains boys' and men's criminal behaviour, how can we explain the existence of girls' and women's criminal behaviour? how do we have female criminals at all? Fallen from Grace: Masculinization Hypothesis historical moment: early 20th century capitalism, growth of state welfare apparatus police were very concerned with making sure women were paid child support, not involved in prostitution working class ethics and idea that there are dangerous classes- women's criminality seen as "fallen from grace" and taking on masculine characteristics explanation: female offenders are rejecting their feminity and embracing masculine traits critique: "add women and stir"- not really a new theory since women are just thrown into the explanation (not taking into account specific and unique conditions of women) "double offence" of female criminality (not only a crime against law but also violating gender norms) i.e. mugshot of female offender labeled as "lesbian" (crime against social norms and morality, also violating her femininity) Emancipating Hypothesis historical moment: 1970s- decade of gender transformation medical abortion legalized in 1968 women's rapid growth in work force marriage rates going down and divorce rates going up i.e. wonderwoman- new role for women (in a different context) Patty Hearst and The Manson Girls- somehow "tricked" into life of crime explanation: as women enter iinto 'male-dominated' domains, they are ndergoing the same socioalozation processes as men- and picking up the esire and capacity to engage in sophisticated criminal activities (definition of what means to be feminine opening up and ch
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