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Lecture 10

Prison Soc219 Lecture 10


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC219H5
Professor
Jennifer Carlson
Lecture
10

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Lecture 10 2014-04-05
Today’s Agenda:
Prison: “Just Survival?”
Recidivism
Stigma
Review
What is prison?
What is a prison/theoretical constructs?
Panopticon (idea that prisons are organized around contrast to disciplinary power—gaze is central and
you will be in the expertized in the prison (with law, medicine, sociology). Idea is finding the norm in the
population.
Total institution: prison is an institution, no separation under private and public.
Mechanical solidarity: mass and everyone is interchangeable.
Prisonization is a way of prison thinking that the prisoners are oppressed and must be political resists,
or are they socialized to believe that prison is a good institution. It is rebellion compared to they is being
treated satisfactorily.
Elizabeth Frye:
Custodial model: people should pay for their crimes
oMotivated by retribution
oHigh-security architecture
oMale-dominated authority
oWork, earnings
oHarsh Discipline

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oAlong side moral reform, treating, treatment
Maternal Model:
oMotivated by reformation
oLow-security
oFemale-dominated caretaking"
oDomestic work"
oBenevolent discipline
oAlongside assumptions about the ‘reformable inmate’
oFundamental
oIdeology that they are naturally mothers and virtuous nature. The have different ways of
understanding the world and prisons needed to accommodate women or else they will be
subjected to abuse.
oFallen women to be reformed into being good "mothers," imagine also fallen daughters.
oWomen should be in charge of low-security with other women-benevolent discipline.
oThese women would be accepting towards that women labour that becoming a housewife was
their calling and accept it. (cupcakes making)
It is about middle class mother hood
Maternalism
Different needs
Different expertise
Different architectures
Mothers knows best is from
Irony of course is that women’s expertise was recognized, they were moving in to public sphere, and
they should be in positions of power. That contradicts their original intention with the fact that women
were not home if they engage in public positions.
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Creating Choices:
The prison system is predominately run by men, and it deprives people of control or agency that is the
point of prison. The prison apparatus does a good job of reclaiming it as a form of social control.
Empowerment: given tools and issues pertaining to them?
Turn to residents not inmates to help themselves
Secondary Prisonization
Family Meals
Weddings
Spending the Night Together
Prison becomes a “domestic satellite”
Partners “on the outside” participate in their own prisonization
Partners experience the “pains of imprisonment” as intimacy
oWhat does paradoxical: study guide question: as women are struggling to create intimacy—
ability to create a home cooked meal.
oWomen are participating in their own institutionalization and people who are not involved in
prison are attaching and participating in the prison system
oPrison becomes a domestic satellite
oPrisonization goes hand in hand
Men on the inside:
oPrisoner
oConvict
oInmate
Do they take an antagonistic view on prisons compared to women.
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