Lecture 10 20140405
• Prison: “Just Survival?”
What is prison?
• What is a prison/theoretical constructs?
• Panopticon (idea that prisons are organized around contrast to disciplinary power—gaze is central and
you will be in the expertized in the prison (with law, medicine, sociology). Idea is finding the norm in the
• Total institution: prison is an institution, no separation under private and public.
• Mechanical solidarity: mass and everyone is interchangeable.
• Prisonization is a way of prison thinking that the prisoners are oppressed and must be political resists,
or are they socialized to believe that prison is a good institution. It is rebellion compared to they is being
• Custodial model: people should pay for their crimes
o Motivated by retribution
o Highsecurity architecture
o Maledominated authority
o Work, earnings
o Harsh Discipline o Along side moral reform, treating, treatment
• Maternal Model:
o Motivated by reformation
o Femaledominated caretaking"
o Domestic work"
o Benevolent discipline
o Alongside assumptions about the ‘reformable inmate’
o Ideology that they are naturally mothers and virtuous nature. The have different ways of
understanding the world and prisons needed to accommodate women or else they will be
subjected to abuse.
o Fallen women to be reformed into being good "mothers," imagine also fallen daughters.
o Women should be in charge of lowsecurity with other womenbenevolent discipline.
o These women would be accepting towards that women labour that becoming a housewife was
their calling and accept it. (cupcakes making)
It is about middle class mother hood
• Different needs
• Different expertise
• Different architectures
• Mothers knows best is from
• Irony of course is that women’s expertise was recognized, they were moving in to public sphere, and
they should be in positions of power. That contradicts their original intention with the fact that women
were not home if they engage in public positions. Creating Choices:
• The prison system is predominately run by men, and it deprives people of control or agency that is the
point of prison. The prison apparatus does a good job of reclaiming it as a form of social control.
• Empowerment: given tools and issues pertaining to them?
• Turn to residents not inmates to help themselves
• Family Meals
• Spending the Night Together
• Prison becomes a “domestic satellite”
• Partners “on the outside” participate in their own prisonization
• Partners experience the “pains of imprisonment” as intimacy
o What does paradoxical: study guide question: as women are struggling to create intimacy—
ability to create a home cooked meal.
o Women are participating in their own institutionalization and people who are not involved in
prison are attaching and participating in the prison system
o Prison becomes a domestic satellite
o Prisonization goes hand in hand
• Men on the inside:
Do they take an antagonistic view on prisons compared to women. • Women on the outside
o Morals Entrepreneurs
Believers are highly educated (masters, PhD), Supporters working towards Bachelors
and done high school; prison is deserved.
Morals Entrepreneur, CJS manage issues through mental abuse, therapy center,
domestic abuse centerthey use the prison as a form of selfhelp. It goes in a cycle:
Comfort calls 911 uses the call that when he starts getting screaming to get the
neighbours to call 911, but he is still going to break parole and he is going to go back to
prison, the women escapes abuse and he will learn his lesson and keep this
• Relapse into criminal behavior after intervention"
• Rates are 50 – 80%"
• Key gender differences"
• Recidivism: lapse in some kind of reception
• After they have been released from prison, they get arrested again
• Questions that prison itself is ramping up recidivism
• Women has lower rates in reoffending
• Determinants of what makes women to reoffend and get caught, are that men are correlated
with long history with violent crime are likely to reoffend
Longer prison sentences that make women likely to reoffend
• A discrediting “mark” • Dependent on social context
• Disruptive of social interaction
• The Stigmatized
• The Normals
• Mixed Encounters
• All of these social norms are around false consciousness
• Goffman talks about how power is reproduced
• Doing gender, practicing gender and the use of the girl is a Goffman method "at what people
are actually doing"
• How social interactions are credited
• Stigma is a personal stain on your moral history
• Discrediting mark is described identity is dependent on social interactions
• You don’t know you had this mark till you are discredited
• When this comes into play is when people feel shame
• It is a sociological phenomenon, internalize how you