Lecture 9 20140405
• SUPER IMPORTANT ANNOUNCEMENT!"
• Men’s Incarceration"
• Women’s Incarceration"
• Contemporary Issues"
• Histories of Domestic Abuse
• False Allegations
• False Confessions
• Witness Credibility
• Impact of defendant/victim identities on court outcomes"
• Separate spheres as ‘tool’ of evaluating blameworthiness"
• The ‘Contact Effect’ of Gender Assignment
• Lawyers and Judges have different spheres
• Longer the law professions they resolve the paradox of separate spheres
• Tool of defending the undefended with separate spheres
• How will the presences of a female judge change the outcome?
Where are we?
What is a prison?
• Total Institution
Prison video: Orange is the new Black
Panopticon: Organization of Power within a Prison • Disciplinary Power (as compared to sovereign power)"
• Sovereign power: king torturing others, power is something that we do and should not be held by one
• Panoptic gaze: people are always watching but none of the prisoners know
o Knowledge is Power
• Disciplinary power: measuring and matching what is happening and collect knowledge and you
mobilize it in order to immobilize people
o Docile Bodies are created from disciplinary power
o Capitalism cannot exist without disciplinary power
• A WellRegulated Society
Panopticon: Organization of Power within a Prison
Total Institution: Organization of Life within a Prison
Life happens under one roof: taking care of people who cannot take care of themselves in broader
societies. Eat, work and only report to one person. Durkheim’s mechanical solidarity
Each individual is interchangeable
Tight scheduling: minimal autonomy
Organized in a rational “plan”: prisons have one purpose and cultivates an inmate staff split and certain
things are not possible in this environment like work place structure, and no domestic separation
Prisonization: Socialization of Individuals into Prison
• Situational Withdrawal: withdraw within themselves: Prisoner • Everyday Rebellion: organizes their identities as inside as incarcerated around the idea of messing
(rebellion) with the system/solidarity: Prisoner
• Colonization: does not buy into the prison, does not suck up to staff, sees as a place they can call
• Conversion: actively work with the institute, enthusiastically making themselves involved with the staff:
• Prisoner? Convict? Inmate?
Incarceration In Canada
• 1835: Kingston Penitentiary"
First Warden: Henry Smith"
• 1950s – 1970s:
Introduction of disciplinary “expertise”"
Inmates rights recognized" (not just abuse that happened—first warden used a whip)
Paul Bernardo was housed there
There were 3 major riots (1952, 1971)—4 days to 6 days
• Roughly 160,000 under correctional supervision on any given day"
• Roughly 55,000 inmates"
• Close to 200 correctional facilities in operation"
Prison is an Ultramasculine World
• Homosociality: only associating with your own people—exclusively male and male building bonds with
• Sex Segregation
• Hierarchy • Violence: inmate code
o Way of coping
• Don’t snitch or exploit inmates
• Don’t pick fights, but always be ready to right
• Don’t trust guards
• Man up
• Code is dynamic and contradictory"
• Maintain solidarity against guards"
• Maintain intrainmate order
• Dominant Prisoners
• Prisoners with resources
• Marginalized Prisoners
• Weaker, Stigmatized Prisoners
• Code is dynamic and contradictory
• Masculinity reproduced as form of survival
• Rehabilitation is thwarted
Video: Convict code
• Do not get in other peoples business • Respect others and be only with your race
• Tony Turan
• Gang bangers