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SOC222H5 (88)
Lecture

# SOC 222 - January 10th Week 1.doc

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School
University of Toronto Mississauga
Department
Sociology
Course
SOC222H5
Professor
John Kervin
Semester
Winter

Description
CONTEXT of TODAY’S SESSION Today’s Objectives: Know 1. The four different levels of measurement 2. Rounding numbers 3. Significant digits 4. How to open an SPSS Data Set 5. Variables and cases in a data set 6. Difference and use of Data View and Variable View 7. Difference between Variable Name and Variable Label 8. How to get a frequency distribution 9. How to get a scatterplot Terms to Know Statistics Data analysis Levels of measurement Ratio variables Ordinal variables Nominal variables Dichotomous variables Significant digits Trailing zeroes Leading zeroes Research question Independent variable Dependent variable Frequency distribution Scatterplot Positive and negative relationships LEVELS of MEASUREMENT What is “level of measurement”? Ratio • Counts or quantities • Meaningful “zero” • Math: • Add, subtract, multiply, divide • Rank order • Compare Ordinal • Relative quantities • Math: • Rank order – class rank (frosh-senior), socioeconomic status (poor-rich), Olympic ranks (first-last) – express a greater than relationship (first place is greater than second place) • Compare Nominal • Similarities and differences • Math: • Compare – gender (male/female), marital sta
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