SOC231H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Social Inequality, Mary Wollstonecraft, Scientific Method

196 views4 pages
Published on 18 Sep 2016
School
Department
Course
Professor
!"#$%&'(")*+,-."/+
01"$2'3451*"'6"'*$
7
01"$+&(4/3$(&'*8/(*
7
%3/++9$5"'."8:$;+&(4"*#;$'&*$/'$&85/'4($<'4*#$(no$control)
7
=&+4*4>4+6$
7
?4/3"(*4(+,$.4/3"(*4(/3$ )"8+)"(*4>"
7
;-."/34+6;$/'.$;6/*"84/34+6;
7
@34"'/*4&'$
7
A&(4&3&5#: ;4'*"33"(*</3$8"+)&'+"$*&$/$(84+4+;$
7
CDECF*1$("'*<8#$2<8&)"$/'.$*1"$G&83.9$+"84"+$&H$&'5&4'5$;(84+"+;$
7
;01"$G&83.$*<8'".$<)+4."$.&G';$Equote$from$random$
7
!"##$%&01"$+(4"'*4H4($8">&3<*4&'$Eie.$Newton's$law$begin$to$come$together,$
happens$in$an$accelerated$time
7
A&(4"*#$(1/'5".$H8&6$/$H"<./3$/584(<3*<8/3$+#+*"6$*&$/$'"G$4'.<+*84/3$
+&(4"*#9$5"'."8$8&3"+
!'(#$%:$-'.<+*84/3$8">&3<*4&',(/)4*/34+6
7
I&6"'$J"(/6"$)8&)"8*#$&G'"8+$H&8$*1"$H48+*$*46"9$(1/'5".$5"'."8$8&3"+
K8&<51*$*1"$4'+*4*<*4&'$&H$+3/>"8#
!''"&01"$@6"84(/'$L">&3<*4&'$E.84>"'$J#$8"3454&<+$(&'("8'+9$/'.$*8/'+H&86+$
2<8&)"
7
01"8"$4+$/'$"6)1/+4+$&H$)&34*4(/3$ 8")8"+"'*/*4&'$4'+*"/.$&H$/$H"<./3$+&(4"*#
!')*&M8"'(1$L">&3<*4&'$
7
084".$*&$."+*8&#$(&3&'4/3EM8"'(1$+*8<(*<8"$
=3/("+$+<(1$/+$-'.4/$/'.$25#)*$G"8"$(&3&'4N".$/'.$<+".$H&8$*1"48$(&**&'
01"$(&**&'$4+$*8/'+H"88".$4'*&$2<8&)"$G1"8"$4*O+$+)<'$$<+4'5$'"G$
*"(1'&3&5#
014+$'"".".$G&8P"8+$*&$8<'$*1"$H/(*&84"+9$+&$3/G+$G"8"$"'/(*".$*&$)<+1$
)"&)3"$*&$+*&)$H/864'5$/'.$+*/8*$G&8P4'5$4'$*1"$H/(*&84"+$Q4"R$S/58/'(#$
3/G+T
U/4*4$G/+$/$M8"'(1$+3/>"$(&3&'#$/'.$.<84'5$*1"$M8"'(1$8">&3<*4&'9$+&6"$&H$
*1"6$8">&3*$H8/*"8'4*#9$34J"8*#$/'.$"V</34*#$J"(/<+"$*1"#$+1&<3.$J"$
(&'+4."8".$"V</3$+4'("$*1"#O8"$M8"'(1$/+$G"33
!'*!+!)#,& %&3&'4/34+6:$*1"$@'*4E+3/>"$8">&3<*4&'$4'$U/4*4
7
Q/T$01"$.4+(&>"8#$&H$;+&(4"*#;$.4+*4'(*$H8&6$;'/*<8";$
QJT$01"$4'.4>4.</3E+&(4"*#$8"3/*4&'+14)$
K"H&8"$'&86+$&H$/$H/643#$G"8"$(3"/89$J<*$*1"'$)"&)3"$8"/34N".$*1/*$
*1"+"$'&86+$/8"$6"8"3#$+&(4/33#$(8"/*".
!
W/*<8/3$(1/'5"$4+$)8".4(*/J3"9$J<*$)"&)3"$1/>"$'&*4(".$+&(4/3$
(1/'5"$4+$.4HH"8"'*$/'.$<')8".4(*/J3"R$X/P"+$)"&)3"$*14'P$*1/*$
'/*<8/3$/'.$+&(4/3$4+$.4HH"8"'*
!
Q(T$01"$.4+(&>"8#$&H$;+&(4/3$(1/'5";$>+R$;'/*<8/3;
A3/>"+$'&G$1/>"$"V</3$&))&8*<'4*#$/'.$/8"$/J3"$*&$)&++"++$*1"48$
&G'$8451*+$J<*$/8"$+*433$<'."8$+&6"$3"/."8
!
Q.T$A<JY"(*+$ZZZ$(4*4N"'+
What$do$we$have$for$the$first$time?$7
A&(4/3$4'+*4*<*4&'+$/8"$'"4*1"8$;'/*<8/3;$'&8$.4>4'"9$J<*$1<6/'3#$(8"/*".$"'*4*4"+:$
(/'$J"$*8/'+H&86".$*18&<51$+&(4/3$/(*4&'
7
CF*1$("'*<8#$4'*"33"(*</3$/'.$+&(4/3$6&>"6"'*
01"$2'3451*"'6"'* ("illuminate") E0&$;+1".$3451*;$&H$;8"/+&';$&'$;+&(4"*#;$7
Social$change$=$revolutions$because$of$political$revolution$are$gaining$power$to$
transform$into$citizens
7
W"G*&'4/'$+(4"'*4H4($6"*1&.$*&$<'."8+*/'.$+&(4"*#:$/))34(/*4&'$&H$L2@A[W$7
2>"8#$/+)"(*$4+$/'/3#N".$<+4'5$8"/+&'
2>"8#$+)1"8"$&H$+&(4"*#9$4'(3<.4'5$8"3454&<+$G/+$+<JY"(*".$*&$8/*4&'/3$+(4"'*4H4($
+(8<*4'#
7
2B4+*4'5$+&(4/3$(&'.4*4&'+$/'.$4'+*4*<*4&'+$'&*$<'(1/'5"/J3"$H/(*+$&H$'/*<8"7
Enlightenment$Dpointing$out$its$not$unDscientific$to$point$out$what$OUGHT$
to$be
We$as$humans$never$accept$anything$as$is$
Before$the$enlightenment,$things$are$the$way$they$are,$and$people$are$just$
to$follow$things$and$dont$think$what$OUGHT$to$be
01"$;4+;$/'.$*1"$;&<51*;$(&''"(*4&'$Ewe$never$know$what$could$be,$both$of$
these$are$constantly$connected
7
\"/'$\/(V<"+$L&<++"/<$
Criticized$institutions$so$they$could$be$restructured$in$a$way$that$can$be$
rationalized
%&4'".$*1"$*"86$A&(4"*#:$1&G$4+$4*$)&++4J3"]$7
For$any$society$to$be$successful$(stability),$there$must$be$a$minimum$
understanding$of$the$benefits$of$a$society
People$must$agree$not$to$revolt$if$conditions$are$met
%&'(")*$&H$+&(4/3$(&'*8/(*$7
01&6/+$U&JJ"+$>+R$L&<++"/<$Ethey$argue$and$disagree$completely7
In$order$to$start$a$society$they$all$decide$to$follow$a$universal$leader$that$
will$set$out$the$rules$for$society$and$control$the$violence$in$the$society
-./0123& )&++4J3"$.<"$*&$/$+&(4/3$(&'*8/(*$H&8$/'$/J+&3<*4+*$/<*1&84*#9$*1"$
^">4/*1/'9$*1/*$)8">"'*+$/33$&<*$(&'H34(*$E$$;0U2$A0@02;$
U&JJ"+: *1"$'/*<8/3$+*/*"9$G/8$&H$"/(1$/5/4'+*$/33$Eargued$this$before$Rousseau.$
Humans$have$a$natural$desire$to$gain$as$much$power$as$possible$which$is$driven$
by$biological$properties.$They$try$to$protect$themselves$so$they're$constantly$
attacking.$
7
The$conflict$that$Hobbes$is$worrying$about$is$actually$a$consequence$
of$an$unequal$society,$not$a$state$of$natural$society
!
4-25216.768529:14& 1<6/'+$/8"$4+&3/*".9$4'.4HH"8"'*$*&$"/(1$&*1"8
W&$+&(4"*#9$3/'5</5"9$&8$(<3*<8"
=&)<3/*4&'$58&G*1$/'.$.4>4+4&'$&H$3/J&<8$gives$rise$to +&(4/3$4'"V</34*#$
014+$4+$G1/*$(/<+"+$(&'H34(*$G4*1$.4HH"8"'*$58&<)+$&H$)"&)3"$/'.$
4'.4>4.</3+
!
=8&4>/*"$)8&)"8*#$E8"H"8+$*&$/'#$&JY"(*$*1/*$(/'$J"$<+".$*&$"'1/'("$
#&<8$8"+&<8(".
!
26"85"'("$&H$(3/++"+9$14"8/8(1#9$)84>/*"$)8&)"8*#$
A*8<553"9$G/8$&((<8+$5721: *1"$"6"85"'("$&H$+&(4"*#$EG4*1$4'*"8'/3$
.4>4+4&'+$&H$(3/++9$+*/*<+
Hobbes$is$assuming$society$is$already$in$existence
L&<++"/<O+$8"J<**/3:7
W&*$/3G/#+$*&5"*1"89$+4**4'5$4'$(3/++$4+$/$5"'"8/3$G4339$J<*$#&<8$4'.4>4.</3$
G433$4+$*&$(1"(P$#&<8$)1&'"
01"$_$/8"$+")/8/*"$/'.$(&E"B4+*
;*1"$5"'"8/3$G433;$E;4'.4>4.</3$G433;7
01"$+&(4/3$(&'*8/(*: *&$)8">"'*$"*"8'/3$(&'H34(*7
L&<++"/<$&'$5"'."8: 2643"$/'.$A&)1#$7
L"/+&'$*&$(84*4(4N"$ "B4+*4'5$(143.8"/84'5$/'.$".<(/*4&'/3$)8/(*4("+7
K<*$&'3#$H&8$*1"$6/3"9$2643"9$'&*$A&)1#7
;*1"$6/'$+1&<3.$J"$+*8&'5$/'.$/(*4>":$*1"$G&6/'$+1&<3.$J"$G"/P$/'.$)/++4>";7
;*1"$G&8P+$&H$5"'4<+$/8"$J"#&'.$1"8$8"/(19$/'.$+1"$1/+$'"4*1"8$*1"$/((<8/(#$
'&8$/**"'*4&'$H&8$+<(("++$4'$*1"$"B/(*$+(4"'("+;$
7
X/8#$I&33+*&'"(8/H*
?&"+'O*$/58""$G4*1$14+$)&4'*$4'$2643"$/'.$A&)1#$J<*$+<55"+*+$*1/*$*1"8"$
(/'$J"$+&6"$46)8&>"6"'*
@.648"8$/'.$(84*4($&H$L&<++"/<7
Society$happens$because$it$does$with$natural$causes,$Rousseau$abandons$
reason$on$gender$roles
`"'."8$8&3"+$/8"$A[%-@^$'&*$'/*<8/37
Women$of$elite$class$should$pursue$education$but$lower$class$women$
shouldn't$since$they're$setting$themselves$up$for$failure$(she's$bias)$$
A1"$1"8+"3H$+<JY"(*+$*&$(3/++$/'.$"34*4+*$J4/+:$3&G"8$(3/++$G&6"'$+1&<3.$5&$*&$
*8/."$+(1&&3+
7
Lecture'1')Ch.'1)3:'Introduction
0<"+./#9$ A")*"6J"8$ a9$_bCa
C:ba$=X
Unlock document

This preview shows page 1 of the document.
Unlock all 4 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

YearlyMost Popular
75% OFF
$9.98/m
Monthly
$39.98/m
Single doc
$39.98

or

You will be charged $119.76 upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.