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Lecture 1

SOC231H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Scientific Revolution, Age Of Enlightenment, Scientific Method

Course Code
Zaheer Baber

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All thinkers shed different kinds of light on issue, inform us on issue in comprehensive
matter, do not cancel each other out.
Machiavelli, Marx, Weber, Durkheim, Aristotle.
Guard’s iepoit:
Sociological perspective-seeing world in different ways, concepts of social structure and
social agency connected together the concept of ideology and culture
o Agency requires a certain understanding of the world, we are thinking about
what we are doing
Society is like language, it has a structure and we may or may not be aware of it
o When we speak any language, that is agency, we are consciously selecting words
and forming them into grammatical sentences
All classical thinkers raise a big question: 1) where do we come from in terms of history.
o All humans have a certain history, presence is partly structured by their past
2) what are we
3)where are we going
-these three questions are connected, cannot be separated unless analytically
Key concepts
social structure ideolog age = social change
The Elighteet
The Social Contract
Class Geder “oiet ot a orgai uit
The Roati-Coseratie Reatio
I. The Social and Intellectual Context
The “ietifi Reolutio 6’s-
The Industrial Revolution/Capitalism
1776 The American Revolution
The French Revolution totally destroys the existing society, replaces society with a
different understanding of position of others
1757: British Colonization of Indiamost industrial transformation of cotton
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