durkheim

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Published on 7 Jan 2011
School
UTM
Department
Sociology
Course
SOC231H5
Professor
NOVEMBER 9TH 2010
Durkheim and suicide rates of suicide rises during wars
Over integregated in organization spike in suicide rates
When they are discharged anomie let loose
Weber rationalization process certain subjects which from one viewpoint do not
contribute to material fluid they are increasingly seen as useless why would students
waste time learning about history philosophy etc Weber not surprised
Durkheims first book division of labour in society how is social order possible 1863
what social glue that binds ppl to society ? how do you explain basis of social order in a
collectivity? Society is a entitity as more than just parts put together it has a unique
reality.
understanding basis of social order
Simple society mechanical solidarity ppl alike/ share a common conscience collective
(non industrial societies the basis for them to holding them together is mechanical solidarity)
society is not complex, the division of labour is not pronounced self suffificent ppl make their
own stuff creates a sense of shared values and bonds structurally (not many structural
divisons/seperations) they share set of values/ideas conscious collective (basically ppl have
similar values) conscious of a individual is generalized to everyone. They are not living such
different lives its easier for them to agree.
With population growth comes differentiation or division of labour (specialized task
emerging) speed of life increases, comes organic solidarity ppl begin to do different things.
You might expect conflicts emerging or differences of opinions that might lead to breaking up to
society but he argues in fact opposite happens primarily as a result of division you get organic
solidarity. Marx though specialized labour led to conflict or hostility, Durkhiem thought divison of
labour and specialixation it leads to organic solidarity it is the glue that binds complex part of
modern societies interdepdence of individuals - If you have specialized tasks that would
create interdependence of individuals onto other individuals that are doing different tasks
Society is anything BUT stable they are erupting in conflict industrial conflict (around him)
social upheaval Durkheim being a socio and not idealigist (not prefer the world thru pure
idealogy and wishful thinking) he has to take that into account that this conflict is during his time
arguging conflicts happening because you dont have in his time the normal divison of labour
the way it was supposed to be what you have us anomic divison of labour
1.Anomic lack of regulation division of labour dont have normal divison of labour but
rather anomic divison of labour
2.Forced division of labour unjust contract addressing social inequality they sign a
contract just b/c they sign it doesnt mean its a just contract they dont have a choice
(between starvation or 10cents an hour) this is bound to create conflict need more
regulation understanding how much worker needs to survive
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Document Summary

Society is a entitity as more than just parts put together it has a unique reality. understanding basis of social order. They are not living such different lives its easier for them to agree. with population growth comes differentiation or division of labour (specialized task emerging) speed of life increases, comes organic solidarity ppl begin to do different things. You might expect conflicts emerging or differences of opinions that might lead to breaking up to society but he argues in fact opposite happens primarily as a result of division you get organic solidarity. Durkehims understanding of individual and society - conceptual abstraction airport not concrete airport but abstracting a concept they are all different. Deviance is normal paradox no society without any deviance without deviance you don"t have normalcy with no normalacy you have no deviance . they are conditions for each other. Dialectals appear to be opposites but they are the conditions for each other.