SOC239H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Consumerism, Native Americans In The United States, Kate Pickett
City is increasingly becoming a place where the rich and the poor coexist/interact. Globally, elites live in cities while poor flock into cities in big numbers looking for work. Income inequality: compare the people on top of income hierarchy with those at bottom. Toronto and vancouver the most unequal cities of canada. Living in a rich community vs. poor community gives different experience to people. If over 20% of households have income below poverty line, considered high-poverty neighborhood. Income-based poverty or inequality measures have some limitations: need to look at the social reproduction of urban inequality and the passing of privileges from the elites to their children . Wealth inequalities are greater than income inequalities (canada is a good example) Inequalities of access to resources, opportunities and life chances is important. Inequality is unfair even working hard, one may not escape inequality/poverty. Income inequality leads to lower life expectancy and vice versa.