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SOC244- Lecture 1.docx

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Lina Samuel

SOC244- Lecture 1 - Theory and history covered in the first 3 lectures - Functionalism, symbolic interactionism and how they look at families - Historical modes in the shift of work - How family economy shifted - Rest of the lectures—what brings people together - Broad topics—human sexuality - Recommended readings not required for the readings - The term family used in many different ways—everyday language, brothers, sisters, ancestors, some sort of relationship - Vague sense of identity in this notion of family - Related by blood or non-related - Difficult word to define - Bonnie fox reading—not a simple concept, becomes minefield of contested families - Who belongs and who doesn’t? - Growth of reproductive technology—very diverse - Gathering social research more challenging - Census family – cohabitating couples - Economic family—sharing the same dwelling, sharing blood, marriage or legal adoption - Household family—distinct family, much broader - Sociology was dominated by theories of modernization - It was a society of connected people—connected through similar occupations - Gemeinchaft, and gesselscaft - Increasing division of labor - Organic solidarity—under mechanical solidarity, connected to each other through similar occupations—means of social cohesion (same occupation—farmers) - Social cohesion that emerges from interdependence - Tonnies and durkhein both saw the shifts in these social structures - Families impacted by these transformations - Pursuit of individual rights and freedom - How did It challenge the tradition way of thinking that relied heavily of GOD and tradition? - Cannot ignore the impact of imperialism - Exposed everyone to new cultures - Challenged and destroyed traditional family structures - Impact of industrial revolution and how it challenged families and individuals - Industrialization and urbanization—something that was extended and authoritarian (patriarch) to something more nuclear, egalitarian, more isolated - Connected between people’s everyday lives to larger micro level of economy - context of your own lives to context to global - functionalism—tend to see social institutions, family, economy as existing in harmony with each other—has a particular function to fulfill – shared values, social stability, one change will lead to a change in another—dysfunction - every individual has a particular role to play - dysfunction if role not played - all 3 are representatives of functional perspective th - Malinowski attempted to challenge at the times of 19 century, social evolutionist - There were rules and regulations about who may have intercourse with who - Difference between casual sex and a particular couple sex - These groups did indeed have marriages and children and were able to identify their fathers - Sexual promiscuity was irrelevant in deciding whether families existed or not - Concluded that family consists of a man, a woman and their children—universal, found across generations, centuries - Three features which stem from the universal function of t
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