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Lecture 6

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Lina Samuel

Soc 244 Jan8th lec6 Lectures one to five on the midterm Medicalization of birthing Dorothy Wertz 1983 what birth has done for doctors -what birth has done for women -french measurements of the pelvis -english development of forceps -early forceps wrapped in leather -when women did suffer ailments of deaths was cause of unsterilized forceps -that infection wasn’t linked to the lack of sterilization -physicians needed to wash their hands between seeing patients Obstetrics or midwifery: first specialty taught un American medical schools Money to be earned a major impetus for discrediting the work of midwives Main reasons for decline of female midwife (wertz and wertz) -change in cultural attitudes about the right spaces for women to occupy -attitudes that women could not be confronted with the facts of medicine -lack of organization among female midwives -changing tastes-increase their own status -body as machine- look at our body as the same way we would manage a car, the view of the body as an instrument Medical treatment of women Mitchenson 1993 Increased belief in use of medical technology, women have seen their control over childbirth decline Act between patient and doctor not between women and women dominated by alienation for women at the time of their birthing Feelings of alienation because there is no close kin Socializing family to hospitals Act between patient and a doctor Hospitals existed for charity and those without homes used hospitals -elite paying customers -hospitalization of births -hospital a place you go for the treatment of illness -twilight sleep society –encourage drugs for birth -doctors argued that the perception that nature was weakening -safer or as safe as hospital birth The technocratic Model of Birth Davis Flyod 1996 -Birthing as a highly bureaucratic and autocratic practice -values the supremacy of science, technology and patriarchy -body as machine -nature is flawed -descartes mind body dualism -abstract notion -placed into a particular case -the Cartesi
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