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Soc244 week 9 lecture.docx

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Lina Samuel

07-03-2012 Soc244 week 9 lecture th -exam april 17 Concepts Study of black families -cultural ethnocentric approach -cultural relativity approach -african-american families -african-canadian families -gay lesbian families -family values and compulsory heterosexuality -ideological state apparatus althusser 1971 -census statistics -contemporary research on LGBTQ families -state and state policies which impact the family form -slave trade -important historical moment in our time -visual – youtube video history of black African slavery and colonization -the pan African national anthem -paul gillroy urges us to look at the problems people had –contentious modern capitalism the role of capitalism and the history of contemporary capitalism (youtube clip) -scholars war us envisioning a single African American experience (hill, murray and Anderson, 2995:24) -diversity reflected in differing immigration experiences, regional residence, political views, socio- economic variations, religious beliefs an cultural practices - the total number of slaves that landed in America has long been debated -12 million slaves -the horror of the traffic were approximate 4 times that amount to about 48 millions of people -36 million casualties -imagines of vast numbers of people transported- high death rates -if they refused to eat, if they were sick they were thrown over seas -destined for south America -brazil and the touch Caribbean and the dutch Caribbean -the slave trade lasted for over 4 centuries -movement from the south to the north -1793 ontario was the first colony to end slavery -and completely 1833 it was another 30 yrs later that it ended in the us. Melville Herkovits and E. Franklin Frazier -maternal -extended -common-law unions were normal -rates of illegitimacy was high -early studies of black families -framed in a narrow thinking 07-03-2012 -herskovits and frazier –americans Herkovits-antropologist Frazier-sociologist –ethnocentric approach -the origins of the black families were to be found much more connected to the African family that they left behind -they both have opposing views -for frazier you have to look at the families in their existing condition in America -the disruptive plantation disrupted the family -for Herskovits- they tended to cling to Africanism -for frazier he argues that nothing remains of what was their African heritage -systematically stripped of their culture their beliefs their heritage -african families adopted white -herskovits; origins of black family to be found in African cultural heritage Frasier: origins of black family rooted in slavery and the plantation system -family composition continually being disrupted by the sale of children -the family unit becomes a mother and her children -plantation onwner could easily sell of the husband -children dependant on their mother -whether the for of the black family was a modified form of the African pattern or influenced by white -Julia Dobson -cultural ethnocentric approach -frazier -unstable, disorganized -black family is a consequence of slavery and American culture -plantation system -changing social and economic conditions of life in America Cultural Relativity School -Herskovits -continuation of African cultural forms -authentic African cultural patterns found in music, language, housing structure.. -slavery did not totally destroy the traditional African base Sudarkasa – African American family -slavery -false dichotomy that underlies the socio-econommic conditions in which the black family has evolved -you cannot dismiss or ignore the importance of slavery or narrow it down -west African cultures in her study -when we think of instituitions we think of large buildings but they have to be flexible -adaptable if they are not they wont survive –highly adaptive instituition -segregation -urbanization -changing economic conditions -changing educational opportunities -changing demographics -housing options -social policies -understanding of the household among African American families -she points to the myth that African American families a female headed 07-03-2012 -less than 1 fourth households were female headed –african -female headed household tended to hold many women -sometimes 4 genereations of women -it was not uncommon for women to be raising their own children but also their grandchildren -she writes that this extended family structure that has come under attack through very restricted social policies specifically around housing -the female household no longer possible -the same family would be separated -no immediate support -ie. Older brothers and sisters living together in the same household -in the past they wold have the support of grandparents etc. -attack on the extended family -it takes many peo
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