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chapter 12 reading & lecture note

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Lingqin Feng

SOC244: TEST 2 CHAPTER 12: The Parent-Child Relationship and Child Socialization -parent child relationship is studied within a combined interactional-transactional and life course perspective -for example, a small child who is blessed with positive characteristics finds it easier to comply to parents socialization requests as they internalize family rules and norms more easily -children and parents interact and influence each others behaviours and attitudes 1. Children contribute to the way their parents see and treat them 2. Interactions between parents and children become part of the childs environment 3. Interactions are in turn affected and shaped by sociocultural variables Parents Socialization Practices -professional standards applied to how parents should interact with children -current trends in place to standardize and rationalize lives in a postmodern economy, with emphasis on individualism and development in children -parenting practices and parent-child interactions are social constructs -North American societies stress democratic rather than authoritarian relations, including autonomy, psychological well-being, and emotional expressiveness as the ideal -social construct of proper family relations makes it difficult for immigrant children to value their own familys style of interaction -literature on parents socialization ignores the roles of genes, the dynamics of the interactional perspective, as well as the social construction of motherhoodfatherhood and childhood Authoritative Parenting combines warmth, respect for childrens individuality, and psychological autonomy with monitoring of their activities and whereabouts; firm, yet loving and involved such parents explain to their kids the reasons behind their demands and the consequences of not complying they insist on obedience and then follow through with enforcement of rules and appropriate punishment punishment may increase the ability to internalize rules of behaviour so that, when older, children will no longer need to be punished authoritative pattern correlates the most with good adjustment on all dimensions of development, but its various components contribute in unique and independent ways to diverse child outcomes within an interactional perspective, authoritative parenting cannot prevent all problems the following are variables that constitute authoritative parenting: parental knowledge, monitoring, control, and warmth Authoritarian Parenting what predominates in the authoritarian parenting style is the dimension of control, restriction, and, at the extreme, coercion this discipline is not so effective (in North America) because it isnt socially constructed as suitable within the broad cultural context some authoritarian parents are characterized by inconsistency; they tell their children what to do, punish them harshly, threaten them, or punish severely one time but not the next this type of discipline is not as effective due to inconsistencies; development of self- control isnt stimulated and children as persons arent respected No-Nonsense Parenting often seen in African Canadian and American as well as in Caribbean samples higher on control than in the authoritative pattern but also involving more warmth and nurturance than is the case in the authoritarian style control under this type of parenting includes physical punishment that occurs within an otherwise affectionate context signals to the child that the parents is vigilant and cares promotes black childrens sense of competence and regulation Permissive and Uninvolved Parenting
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