SOC263 – Lecture – September 18, 2012
Social Inequalities – Are advantages and disadvantages in many aspects of social life (i.e. income,
education, health, opportunities for paid and unpaid work etc.)
Social inequalities include:
Differences in rights (unequal social rights – i.e. right to refuse unsafe work, citizenship rights,
rights to not be sexually assaulted, right to unionize, change employers etc.)
Resources ( i.e. clean water)
Privileges (i.e. right to privacy, white privilege, education) of individuals and groups of people.
Disability vs. Ableism
If you have a disability - then you are naturally inclined to not be included in the dominant group.
Darwinists believed that people with disabilities needed to refrain from procreating, to solve this issue,
states (i.e. Nazi Germany) forced sterilization (eugenics) on to disabled individuals.
*** In this case, the right to procreate was taken away by the state. ****
Disability: The world alone is negative and condescending since it implies an incapability.
Ableism: Is a mindset, as social structure, a set of ideas/practices that presume ablebodiedness, and by
doing so, construct people with disabilities as marginalized and invisible to others.
Our world is built to help disabled people but it also causes blockage and structural barriers, hence not
allowing them full access. We need a flexible system that will allow different people to move though the
world without being stigmatized.
Disability and Poverty Rates
Often, there is a correlation between disability and economic inequality
Disabled people who live in poverty have low income cut off rates – which occurs to be high
amongst people with disabilities.
Example: 10.5% of (able bodied) Canadians live below poverty line vs. 16.5% of disabled people
below the poverty line (see sta