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SOC236 - Lecture on Accessibility.docx

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Gregory Bird

SOC263 – Lecture – September 18, 2012 Accessibility Social Inequalities – Are advantages and disadvantages in many aspects of social life (i.e. income, education, health, opportunities for paid and unpaid work etc.) Social inequalities include:  Differences in rights (unequal social rights – i.e. right to refuse unsafe work, citizenship rights, rights to not be sexually assaulted, right to unionize, change employers etc.)  Resources ( i.e. clean water)  Privileges (i.e. right to privacy, white privilege, education) of individuals and groups of people. Disability vs. Ableism If you have a disability - then you are naturally inclined to not be included in the dominant group. Darwinists believed that people with disabilities needed to refrain from procreating, to solve this issue, states (i.e. Nazi Germany) forced sterilization (eugenics) on to disabled individuals. *** In this case, the right to procreate was taken away by the state. **** Disability: The world alone is negative and condescending since it implies an incapability. Ableism: Is a mindset, as social structure, a set of ideas/practices that presume ablebodiedness, and by doing so, construct people with disabilities as marginalized and invisible to others. Our world is built to help disabled people but it also causes blockage and structural barriers, hence not allowing them full access. We need a flexible system that will allow different people to move though the world without being stigmatized. Disability and Poverty Rates Often, there is a correlation between disability and economic inequality  Disabled people who live in poverty have low income cut off rates – which occurs to be high amongst people with disabilities. Example: 10.5% of (able bodied) Canadians live below poverty line vs. 16.5% of disabled people below the poverty line (see sta
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